September 22, 2020

The climate summit prolongs the negotiations, but strokes an agreement

The climate summit in Madrid will prolong negotiations to try to reach a broad consensus, but it cherishes an agreement that aims to increase ambition to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and comply with the Paris Agreement.

However, there are still many differences in key negotiation issues, including Article 6 of the 2015 Paris Agreement that regulates carbon markets, one of the main tools of governments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to atmosphere.

Some parties are already inclined to close a very general agreement on this article and postpone the more technical issues for another appointment.

During the last hours, the drafts with which the negotiators are working have circulated again, in which there is already an urgent need to increase climate ambition and to respond to the needs of developing countries in the face of the threat of climate change.

The latest draft also raises the need to provide information on national contributions (the firm commitments that each country is willing to make) that should be revised upwards in accordance with the Paris Pact, which enters into force in 2020.


Andrés Landerretche, spokesman for the Chilean Presidency of the COP25, has appeared before the media to express his "optimism" about the possibility of reaching an agreement in the final stretch of the Conference.

"The eyes of the world are on us and we want to reach an agreement, no matter how many hours pass," said the Chilean spokesman, who has acknowledged that the negotiations are "very difficult", but, he said, "we will not leave here without a good result. "

The representative of the Presidency informed the situation of the negotiations after the ministers who had worked as "facilitators" completed their work and transferred their proposals to the parties.

Previously, the acting Spanish minister for the Ecological Transition, Teresa Ribera, one of the mediators, said they had reached "as far as we could go" and now it was time to "reach consensus or balance," which should state at what point reach an agreement and in which not.

According to Ribera, it is necessary to make clear "what are the elements in which it is impossible to reach an agreement and identify the points in what can be given or not."


Today's day was scheduled as the last of the COP25, but it is common in this type of appointments that the negotiation is prolonged during the early morning or even until the weekend.

It is not an easy task to ensure that the great tools of governments for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions are sufficiently transparent and reliable from the point of view of the accounting of credits and permits to pollute, since their operation is very complex .

In addition, small island states, especially in areas of the Pacific and the Caribbean and other especially vulnerable countries with hardly any resources, demand more help from the rich to face a climate crisis for which they do not feel responsible and for which they will be the most affected.

The frictions between countries also come from the side of science because not everyone wants to capture in the documents more ambitious commitments and based on scientific evidence that warn of the serious damage that the planet will face if the temperature rise exceeds 1.5 degrees east century.

While negotiations are taking place at the Madrid fairgrounds, dozens of young people abroad have staged a sit-in to denounce the absence of progress in the negotiations and the "disconnection" between official delegations and social demands in the streets.

The Fridays For Future youth movement, which has been for the first time at a summit of this kind, has lamented that COP25 "has not helped, and not only that, but we are seeing setbacks."

Next to the Conference headquarters, a group of activists from the Greenpeace organization have taken several banners this morning to ask politicians for more action on climate change.

In parallel to the "blue zone" – managed by the UN and where official negotiations take place – the "green zone", open to social participation, has mobilized over 30,000 people during these two weeks, with more than 600 activities starring young people, NGOs, ministries, institutions and companies, according to the Spanish Ministry for Ecological Transition.

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