The decarbonization of the economy and the progressive elimination of CO2 will be two of the main challenges of a European Union (EU) in full institutional renewal for the next five years, in which the climate crisis is called to occupy a dominant position on the agenda community
Eliminating fuels for the production of energy in a relatively close horizon is announced vital to fulfill the commitments of the Paris Agreement, which aims to avoid an increase in temperatures at the end of the century exceeding 2 degrees Celsius and fight to keep it in 1,5 degrees.
However, the European battle against climate change suffered a severe setback at the European Council last June, when the leaders of the 28 failed to agree to eliminate CO2 emissions by 2050, due to the veto of Poland, the Czech Republic, Estonia and Hungary.
"It is irresponsible, given the climate emergency" in which the planet is located, according to the director of the coalition of environmental NGOs CAN Europe, Wendel Trio, disappointed by the failure of the EU to establish this ambitious environmental objective for within just three decades.
The roadmap for the EU to achieve climate neutrality by the middle of the century, that is, to emit only as many greenhouse gases as can be absorbed in the EU, is to "eliminate economic support for fossil fuels", according to CAN Europe.
This organization also advocates dedicating 40% of the EU budget to "climate action", although the most optimistic forecasts, based on the proposal of the European Commission (EC), still under negotiation, suggest that the percentage of European funds that will be devoted to the fight against global warming between 2021 and 2027 will be 25%.
The high European institutions are focused on trying to avoid an environmental disaster, in line with the expectations of EU citizens, according to the result of the last European elections, in which the Greens registered a remarkable rise: of 51 to 74 MEPs on 751.
Despite this rise, the ecological wave has only passed through the countries of Western Europe, especially Germany, but has not reached the countries of the east or those of southern Europe, such as Spain, where there is no green party and that he only has one MEP in the ranks of the European group, Ernest Urtasun, who was presented by Unidas Podemos.
"Traditionally, ecology in Spain has been much more linked to left movements," explains Ufe Urtasun, who considers that an exclusively ecologist party is not essential because Unidas Podemos has taken "very well" the environmental program and that the PSOE "has started doing something too. "
The Greens, as the fourth group of the European Parliament, have announced that they will not back the next Wednesday of the proposed candidate to preside over the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, who needs the backing of the absolute majority of the European Parliament, since she ignores "completely the climatic emergency and even wants to aspire to climatic objectives lower than those previously agreed by the European Parliament".
The European Commissioner for Energy and Climate Action outgoing, Miguel Arias Cañete, is a strong advocate of the decarbonisation of the economy by 2050, but it remains to be seen the direction the Commission will take from November to the current Community Executive.
Currently, the EU's climate goals for 2030 are to reduce greenhouse emissions by 40% compared to 1990 levels, a minimum quota of 32% for renewable energy and an improvement in energy efficiency of 32.5%.
This is an ambitious and pioneering legislation, according to the European Commission, but insufficient for environmental organizations and parties in the face of an increasingly near and uncertain future.
"The EU is still far away" from drawing a "credible road for 2050," he explained at a meeting with several media, including Efe, the French diplomat who led the negotiations of the Paris Agreement and now director of the European Climate Foundation , Laurence Tubiana.
Among the challenges to come, Tubiana highlights the future of the automotive industry and whether there will be a new industrial policy in Europe, as well as China's next five-year plan, its relations with the EU or the weight of the environment in the next United States elections. .
"What is the new way of life?" Asks Tubiana, who celebrates that, in European public opinion, now "there are spaces for political discussion that did not exist before."
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