The Civil War without factions

The Civil War without factions


All sides so there is none. To avoid presenteeism, which is a disease of our current time and not fall into glances prejudiced prejudices, clichés or common places, the editorial Almuzara has decided, on the occasion of the celebration of the 80th anniversary of the end of the 1936 contest, to launch an original initiative. During this year, he will publish, at the rate of one book each month, a selection of the main and most interesting testimonies of those protagonists who took part in the confrontation. A set of titles where each and every one of the ideologies will be represented, from communists to Falangists, requetés, socialists, officers of the two trenches, anarchists and representatives of the Church. The objective is that, through this set of voices, a less conditioned and more objective view of this historical event is obtained.

Jesus Perez Salas, Dolores Ibarruri, Federica Montseny, Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Rafael Garcia Serrano, Hector Colmegna, Indalecio Prieto, Francisco Moreno, Simeon Vidarte, Jose Manuel Martinez Bande and Padre Caballero, among others, will be present. "The goal was not to make a collection with the authors who write today on this subject, but with those who lived those moments and who wrote about them in the past. We try to talk everyone, respecting each one of the ideological creeds that they possessed, and the most interesting thing is that they give us a new and surprising vision about those events ", commented Manuel Pimentel, editorial director of Almuzara.

At the head of this library, which, in reality, is a first-order meeting of original sources, without the mediation of any historian interpreting his words, is Fernando Calvo, who explained this new project yesterday: "The intention is to circumscribe ourselves to what happened in the Civil War. We do not try to address the prolegomena or the consequences. We believe that this confrontation is a differentiated period in itself ».

Decisions questioned

The first release corresponds to "Guerra en España", by Jesús Pérez Salas, a Republican colonel exiled in Mexico who provides a surprising or unusual vision of what, according to him, happened. "He is a moderate voice," says Calvo, "but that, however, has not been reissued. Nobody can accuse him of sectarianism and the interesting thing is that he criticizes the communist intervention and the military decisions that were made on the republican side ». Among the measures he questions is the dissolution of the Republican army by one of militias, a resolution that was taken in the days after July 19, 1936. But, it also shows its severe doubts about the interference of the Soviet Union in military operations. In fact, the Russians decided at a certain moment to threaten the withdrawal of the aviation if an offensive was started that, now it is already known, would have meant the division of the national troops and the taking of their most relevant bases. For Fernando Calvo there is a reason that explains with clarity the words of Pérez Salas and that is essential to understand the future of the front: "The communist party did not have a great representation, but managed, through elites, to occupy important positions , something in which they moved very well. The Soviet Union, above all, was interested in stopping the revolution in our country, that is why they made those purges within their own side. In fact, the USSR refused to support attacks that could have given the Republic victory. "

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