Martin Scorsese is a paradoxical filmmaker, who often resort in his films to the strong emotions of violence, or violence -because there is not one, but they are infinite- to talk about the cataclysms that stir the spirit, those other neighborhoods and Everyday subfloors in man that are the struggle of good and evil, silence and redemption. Concepts, still impregnated with religiosity in this consciousness / legacy that we all preserve after centuries of Western education, and which the director has sublimated through a series of gangsters and mafias diverse or reflection of greater depth such as "The Last Temptation of Christ "or the magnificent, and sometimes unappreciated," Silence. " The director, who spends a very Italian-American sympathy, arrived in Oviedo on Tuesday to receive tomorrow's award of the Princess of Asturias Award for the Arts. And he practically did it secretly, like the protected witnesses of the thrillers, although it is quite probable that that timid appearance, which some will only call discretion, has nothing to do with his will.
Scorsese, who is guessed the talent behind the smile, which retains a gesture between rogue or juvenile, was accompanied by his daughter and with a concern between the meanders of his thoughts: the debate on the relationship that will keep the cinema with the new digital platforms dedicated to offering movies and television series, especially now that Netflix is producing its latest work. "This is the key issue of our time," he said without hesitation. What you have to consider is to protect the theatrical experience of the cinema that takes place, and not to be cartoon tapes or superheroes that, I do not want to judge, but that are dedicated to another kind of audience, of large masses, to pass the time . Keep in mind that there is another approach. I speak of the cinema that I come, and that I try to conserve, respect and restore, and it needs to be seen with the public. This does not mean that they can not be projected at home. I do both. But at this moment, we must ensure that these films can be seen at the cinema before they reach the houses. "
Food and cinema at home
Scorsese, cautious, reflected on the way cinema is consumed today and the need to respect the different ways in which the creations of filmmakers can be shown. And he did it by setting an example. "There is no doubt that" Dunkirk "or" First Man ", and all those films, are made to be seen as a family, together. I am not well versed in the internet, but I can see young people around me. I have a daughter and I observe how she behaves with her friends and how they watch the movies while they eat. Currently you can order food through applications and they bring it home, but I do not think these restaurants are designed for customers directly. Yes, I have a home, and I want you to bring me what I ask, but there will be many other people who want to be able to go out and share this experience in a joint way, with people. This will always be there. Finally, respect for the cinema as an art must be protected so that it is appreciated by the public that attends the theaters for as long as possible. "
The director commented immediately that "the films are no longer supported by the studios. They have no money to make and sustain these filmmakers. Those who put the money are Netflix, in my case, and Amazon. Where does the money come from? From scholarships? Foundations? Is not sufficient. How are you going to be able to nurture your talent? "To all this, in addition, we must add an extraordinary revolution:" We do not know where the cinema is going and what it is going to become. It has been more than a hundred years since its inception and maybe that is what cinema has been and now we are entering a different era. We do not know what will happen with the moving image As George Lucas told me, we may now be in a black hole that will last several years. We do not know where we are going with the technology we have. Our children are living a movie experience that is completely different and that is lived at home. I prefer it in the room ». And he added: "On the other hand, Netflix supports us. I had no funding for the film I'm preparing. It is a problem that will have to be solved. Cuarón, with '' Roma '', the same thing happened to him. These films are separated from the television series, which they say is the new cinema, although I do not see it that way. I think they have more to do with novels. The moving image will be there and we will continue to enjoy it. "
Scorsese, somewhat less vehemently in his response, went to his earliest memory, when he played in the streets of New York, to talk about the films that marked him and conditioned his career. "I am associated with a world in which I grew up exposed to violence and surrounded by criminal figures. But it's not like that. It is true that certain characters were there, but I also had some parents who loved me and a priest who protected us and from whom we learned a lot. And, finally, there were the films ». And those were essential, although that Scorsese then did not guess at that time. Thus he discovered Elia Kazan's "The Law of Silence" or Abraham Polonsky's "Force of Evil", which "were the films that represented what I lived. There were films from that underworld like the titles of De Palma, '' Scarface '' or '' El Padrino ''. It was the golden age of black cinema. Not all that cinema had to do with organized crime, but until the years of the Cold War. It was the one I grew up with ».
The lessons of Saint Patrick
Scorsese wanted to point out that he "did not spend the evenings with the mafia. There were dangerous people around me when I was growing up. This does not take you to a black and white moral. You see that good people do things that are not good. But they have no choice. The religion was preached and I found that St. Patrick's Cathedral, from 1812, which I met with 8 or 9 years old, was a place of asylum, for sure. What I heard in that church, for me, made sense. A priest, whom I admired, helped us to combine what we lived on the street and how we should live our faith. That road later was harder than I thought. They threw me out of the preparatory seminary, but the questions and the basis of what I am come from how I lived and from the nature of the Catholic Church at that time and from that particular place. "
The allusion to the world of emigrants that he met and in which he formed made one issue inevitable: Trump's current policy on this matter. A subject in which he was forceful: "If I had started that policy, I would not be here today. The majority of Americans would not be there. '' Gangs of New York '', where it was shown that the Irish were hated for the Catholicism they brought. The United States was built on the separation of Church and State. And they obeyed the Pope, who then, was a very powerful influence. That's why there were groups that opposed them. Then it happened that way and now it's this way. United States is created by immigrants. But we must remember that a quota was imposed for the Italians in their day and many did not enter. Immigration is an experiment, there are different languages and religions and we are trying to live together. However, it is sad that this happens, because the feeling of division is very dangerous. What is being done now goes against the basic idea of what the United States is. In the Statue of Liberty it reads: '' Bring us all those who have no home, '' "the director concluded.