The return to school, with which thousands of jobs are activated in the educational sector, has not been enough to stop the loss of traction in the Spanish labor market, which month after month leaves signs of exhaustion without having managed to reap the fruits of the manna of European funds received, with Spain cfurther and further away from the European unemployment average.
The number of unemployed people registered in the State Public Employment Service at the end of September increased by 19,768 (0.73%) with respect to the previous month, in line with the path of almost all the months of September, where a good part of the casualties of the summer campaign are collected. In any case, it is a figure higher than last year and the largest increase in unemployment since 2018. 90% of the new unemployed belong to the service sector. With these figures, the total number of unemployed stands at 2,722,468 people.
Strong rise in youth unemployment
For its part, the unemployment of young people under 25 years old rises in the month of August in 17.043 personas (9%) compared to the previous month and stands at 205,000.Although it is the lowest figure in the last fifteen years, Spain moves further away every month from abandoning the red lantern of unemployment among the youngest, since the gap with Greece has gone from two percentage points to 4.3 points.
Regarding job creationincreases by 18,295 employees (+0.09%)far from the figures of a year ago and the weakest September in four years. This weak progress is mainly driven by women and by the increase in employment by more than 85,800 people in the education sector due to the start of the school year.
With this rebound, the system reached 20,724,706 employedits highest level in a month of September within the historical series, according to data published this Tuesday by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration, which highlighted that between September 20 and 29, 20.8 were exceeded. million affiliates in the daily series.
The rise in membership recorded in September of this year is the lowest in this month since fiscal year 2019, when the system barely gained 3,224 average employees. In September of last year it increased by 29,286 contributors and in the same month of 2021 and 2020, 57,387 and 84,013 members were added.
The beginning of the school year led to the education to lead the greatest rise in employment by gaining 85,817 contributors compared to the previous month (+9.5%). Administrative activities followed far behind, with 19,729 more members (+1.4%).
At the opposite extreme, for the end of tourist seasonthe declines in membership in commerce and hospitality stood out, with falls of 40,024 and 32,223 employed, respectively (-1.5% and -2%). In between he sneaked in the Public Administration, which lost 39,503 affiliates in the month (-3.2%). For its part, the Special Agrarian System added 15,967 jobs in the ninth month of the year (+2.5%), while the Household System registered 2,284 losses (-0.6%).
By autonomous community, Madrid accounts for the majority of job creation in September. Average membership fell in September in eleven autonomous communities and rose in six regions, mainly in Madrid (+47,764 employed)Canary Islands (+9,956 contributors) and Catalonia (+9,394 affiliates).
The hiring of new permanent employees continues to have a high mortality rate, since more than 36,000 people signed more than one contract.
The total number of contracts registered during the month of September was 1,392,205. In September 2023, 623,439 indefinite employment contracts were registered, representing 44.78% of all contracts.
Temporary contracts registered in the month of September 2023 were 768,766. There are 116,170 (-13.13%) less than the same month of the previous year