Tue. Apr 23rd, 2019

The author's right to eat

The author's right to eat

On January 1, "Public Domain Day" is celebrated without much success on the occasion of those authors whose works are free of rights and are available to anyone who wants to disseminate them. Saving reissues or some cinematographic adaptation, it has no more significance than the impairment that it can cause in the current account of the heirs, after 70 years of receiving punctual income. But in a very short time everything has changed. It is not easy to convince someone - even normal, informed and without tax debts - that you can not freely use everything that circulates on the internet and other digital communication networks for commercial purposes. Let's put Spain as an example: 87% of the digital accesses to series, videogames, books and musical recordings were illegal (according to the SGAE report, Cedo, Promusicae and, attention, the Football League, victim of illegal platforms that retransmit their parties), which meant losses of 1,600 million euros. Experts talk about "transfer of value in the digital market", which means that, if it is true that the internet has revolutionized the world of cultural distribution and disseminates music, films and books as has never been seen (an increase of % since 2012), it is worth asking why it only collects 1,268 million euros annually, 13% of all repertoires. If, in addition, music accounts for 87.4% of world income for "copy-right", it is logical to assume that the use of payment platforms is not as widespread as it is believed. Despite the download of fun products online, Spain is ranked 12th in the ranking of countries that collect the most -and sixth in Europe-, as well as being located in the upper area of ​​the table in music (11), audiovisual (6), dramatic (5) and visual arts (12), although without a trace of literature. Apart from the predominance of the United States as a collection power (19.7% of total), we must highlight the position of France (12.6%), with a protectionist policy of its products that comes from far and that has paid off . The failure of the last reform of the Property Law in Spain left an unappealable proof: in 2015, the year in which it came into force, Spain only closed a website that offered official downloads; only in Portugal, for example, more than 200 were closed at the same time. Not everything can be free.

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