The reduction of speed to 90 km / h on conventional roads comes into force on Tuesday. The modification of the General Regulations of Circulation that contemplates this measure was approved in the Council of Ministers of December 28 and published in the Official State Gazette (BOE) the following day, although it enters into force the month of its publication, to give time to the owners of the affected roads to make changes in the signaling.
This amendment provides for changes in Article 48 of the General Traffic Regulation referring to speed limits on conventional roads, with the main aim of reducing road accidents and meeting the objective established in the Road Safety Strategy 2011-2020 of lowering 37 the rate of deaths in traffic accidents per million inhabitants. In 2017 the rate was 39.
This change supposes the disappearance of the different generic speed limits established, 90 and 100 km / h for cars and motorcycles, depending on whether or not the road had a meter and a half of practicable hard shoulder, reducing it to a general limit of 90 km / h.
The changes of this speed limit will affect about 10,000 kilometers of roads. The speed limits that are now modified were set at the beginning of the 80s of the last century, when the Spanish road network did not have almost kilometers of high capacity roads, a situation completely different from the current one.
In addition, this initiative involves reducing the speed difference between passenger transport vehicles and merchandise with respect to passenger cars.
The countries of the European Union with lower death rates per million inhabitants in traffic accidents have, according to the Ministry of the Interior, a speed limit differential between light and heavy vehicles, on conventional roads, that oscillates between 0 and 10 km / h.
According to different studies, vehicles that circulate at different speeds from the average of the road, such as trucks in relation to cars and motorcycles, are more likely to cause an accident, with a probability six times higher than if these vehicles circulated the average of the rest of vehicles. In addition, more homogeneous circulation speeds favor traffic flow.
Trucks and buses
With this normative change, the speed of trucks on roads at 80 km / h is standardized, a limit that is common in most of the countries of the European Union. In the case of buses, the generic speed limitation is 90 km / h due to the continued low accident rate of this type of vehicle, which in the case of Spain it has a ratio of deaths / type of vehicle (bus) 40% lower than the total EU ratio.
Despite this speed, Article 48 establishes a new exception to those buses that do not have a seatbelt, since they will not be able to drive more than 80 km / h.
The lowering of speed is one of the measures 'star' of the general director of Traffic, Pere Navarro, and the Minister of the Interior, Fernando Grtande-Marlaska. During the six months of the Socialist Executive, both have shown on numerous occasions in favor of slowing down on this type of road, where they take place around 75% of accidents with victims. In addition, inadequate speed is the main cause in 20% of cases.
To inform citizens about the new norm, the DGT launched on 4 January an informative campaign of four videos with the slogan 'Less speed, more lives on the road. Better slower ', which is being disseminated through social networks.