The I Conference on Sustainable Mobility organized by elDiario.es they have gathered specialists from various sectors and fields to address different aspects such as urban planning, pedestrians, bicycles, electrification of mobility, public transport or well-being in order to find the best solutions for a future in which mobility is sustainable.
The virtual event, which has been sponsored by Endesa, the collaboration of AMB already Post as a logistics partner, it has been inaugurated with a interview with Teresa Ribera, Vice President of the Government for the Ecological Transition, by Ignacio Escolar, director of elDiario.es, and Raúl Rejón, environmental journalist of elDiario.es. Ribera highlighted the need to move “towards a different mobility” and build “zones free of greenhouse effect emissions, without pollution, with electrified public services” in urban areas.
For this, the Vice President of the Government for the Ecological Transition has pointed to electric mobility, pedestrianization and cycling as the solutions to build “healthier and more sustainable” cities. “The bike must be understood as a means of transport,” said Rivera, who, when asked about European models of sustainability, highlighted the renewal of mobility in Paris and “its friendship with the bicycle.”
The decarbonization model The implementation of the electric car also poses challenges at an industrial level. Without going any further, according to Rivera, “Spain is a country rich in mining resources and work must be done to produce batteries and manage the material at the end of its useful life.” Likewise, electrification with renewable energies must guarantee “an improvement of the productive and economic system” that “benefits the lowering of prices” and is “positive” for the consumer.
Electrification of mobility
The meeting brought together two major debates on the electrification of mobility and public transport with different professionals from the sector. The first of them has had Elena Bernárdez, Director of Electric Mobility at Endesa X; Antonio Lucio, mobility professor at the EOI; Carlos Bravo, representative of Transport & Environment; Y Stéphanie Priou, transport and mobility consultant, who have talked about whether the future of the electrification of mobility is driven by the electric car.
Elena Bernárdez has pointed out the importance of fast recharge infrastructures in daily use, they must have the support of companies and administrations. “We must promote the coordination of local, regional and state administrations to create charging infrastructures. Steps are being taken, but not enough to limit barriers,” he said.
Carlos Bravo has referred to Draft Law on climate change and energy transition to ensure the achievement of neutrality of greenhouse gas emissions. He has also pointed to the promotion of teleworking and changes in schedules to avoid “large senseless traffic jams” and has pointed out that to normalize electric cars in daily use “there is a need for a national electric charging plan.”
In the same way, Antonio Lucio has emphasized the need for “minimum agreements that go beyond a legislature” to be achieved, as well as for “broad consensus in society” to facilitate the transition to new markets in the energy, automobile and housing.
Regarding electrical energy, Stéphanie Priou pointed out that fast and ultra-fast charging batteries are being developed that will be even cleaner and thus guarantee total sustainability.
The challenges of public transport
For its part, the second debate brought together María Eugenia López Lambas, professor of Transport at the Polytechnic University of Madrid; Laura Vergara Román, general coordinator of ConBici; Diego Fernández, director of transport management and administration services in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area; Y Miguel Ángel Moll, civil engineer and Doymo consultant, to address the challenges of public transport.
All the participants agreed that comprehensive public transport based on intermodality should be promoted. In the opinion of María Eugenia López Lambas “there are few trips that are made in a single stage”, so infrastructure is required to organize the system. Diego Fernández has also referred to this systemic transformation, who has also highlighted “the resilience” of public transport “to provide support in the hard times of confinement.”
If Miguel Ángel Moll has referred to the planning of mobility policies, Laura Vergara has focused on the “commitment to the bicycle as a last-mile vehicle before public transport”.
Keys and challenges
The day has had mini episodes that have helped to understand the keys and challenges of sustainable mobility.
Gea21 geographer and consultant Marta Román has advocated that children acquire “autonomy” that allows them to go to school without using private transport. For them, “physical and social conditions must be created.” “It is not about negligence but about trust and love.”
Of the same opinion is the mayor of Pontevedra, Miguel Anxo Fernández Lores, which has pointed out that the coronavirus is demonstrating “the need to have open spaces.” “Cities have to be passable so that, for example, children can walk to school.”
So much the architect and urban planner Belén Moreno as Qi Kai Sheng, Sustainability Business Partner at IKEA, They have talked about the problem of pollution. For the first, the phenomenon of pollution in cities constitutes a “disguised pandemic”, while the second has opted to decarbonize transport since “a quarter of emissions come from this sector.”
“Spain is the second European country with the most obese population and one of the countries with the most Alzheimer’s in the world,” he said. Elisa Pozo, researcher at the Polytechnic University of Madrid, architect and urban planner . To change the lifestyle, “urban planning has to bet on a healthier city, quickly”. In Pozo’s opinion, the work to plan healthy cities goes through three key aspects: spaces for walking, green spaces and spaces for coexistence. The change has to be immediate.