Spain, like the rest of the countries of the European Union (EU), should have presented the Comprehensive National Plan for Energy and Climate before December 31 last in Brussels. But there were several of them who did not arrive on time and they were given an extension until January 31, including Spain. The month has ended and Spain has not met the deadline, like France, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Luxembourg.
The Commissioner for Energy and Climate Action, the Spanish, is supposed to Miguel Arias Cañete, will now grant a new grace period, which will allow Spain to send it before the end of February, according to the Secretary of State for Energy on Thursday, José Domínguez Abascal, during his appearance in the Congress of Deputies. The Spanish Government uses as argument for this new delay that they had to do it in a record time, since "we do not find a written line" of the mandate of the PP. In his opinion, Cañete, who belongs to that party, knows that "the guidelines that the current government is handling in this matter are very close to its postulates", besides highlighting that it has been very understandable.
In short, those responsible for the Ministry for the Ecological Transition want, as Joaquín Sabina in Wedding nights, that "the calendar does not come in a hurry", even if they are convinced that there are no breaks either. It is about completing a very ambitious plan that is a hallmark for the current Government. The minister said it, Teresa Ribera, recently, in a meeting with environmental NGOs and you have to believe it ("we are combing it and putting the final colors on the cover") and the president signed it Pedro Sánchez in Davos, recognizing that the plan is not only ministerial, but a state plan. This supposes (and also explains the delays) that invades competencies of various ministries (Industry, Development, Economy, Finance, Employment and, even, Presidency), in addition to Ecological Transition.
The Government wants the project to be a hallmark of its mandate
According to the words of the active minister, the text is about to candy; but its multilateralism has meant that it has been required that the departments involved put the pencil and that there must have been a general coordination to assimilate a text that everyone shares. A complicated task that has not yet ended. Likewise, they wanted to incorporate those ideas that emerged from the debate with experts and social and political forces that have been considered important, if not fundamental. That has caused the delay over the two transgressed deadlines.
The feeling that we have, and that those who have had an approach to the project move, is that a very serious work has been done to adapt the regulatory changes to the objectives of climate change and the fight against global warming, which really put on the table the objectives of the energy transition.
In any case, the plan has very clear lines: the transformation of the system, based mainly on the reduction of emissions, energy efficiency and the promotion of renewable energies. This supposes the investment of 200,000 million euros until 2030, with the characteristic that it will have a great weight of private origin, especially in what corresponds to the new renewable energy plants. An 80/20 ratio is calculated between private and public. Of the total investment, 40% (80,000 million) corresponds to new wind energy parks and photovoltaic plants, among others, for which new auctions will have to be carried out. That means an average of 18,000 million per year, which in addition to renewable energy will cover transport networks, building efficiency, heating, etc. It also includes the closure of coal plants and nuclear power plants and the change in mobility, with the introduction of the electric car in gradual replacement of gasoline and diesel.
Investments of more than 200,000 million are foreseen with public-private participation
In this sense, before nine thousand coal thermal plants will be closed by 2020. There will be five, which will have to be closed before 2030 (As Pontes, in A Coruña, and Litoral de Almería, of Endesa, Aboño and Soto, in Asturias, of EDP, and Los Barrios, in Cádiz, of Viesgo).
Nuclear power, meanwhile, will begin to close from 2025 in a rhythm with the entry of renewable energies, foreseeing that around 2035 the seven (Almaraz 1 and 2, Ascó 1 and 2, Vandellós 2, Cofrentes and Trillo) current will have been closed. Precisely, last Monday, the proprietary companies (Iberdrola, Endesa and Naturgy) went to the ministry to analyze the sectorial future and that closure scheduled.
M. Á. N.
At the same time that it is putting the finishing touches to the Energy and Climate Plan, the Minister Teresa Ribera and the Secretary of State for Energy, José Domínguez Abascal, do not stop making bowls for the lands affected by the measures. This is the case of Ribera's visit to Andorra (Teruel), where Endesa has announced that it will close the thermal power plant and several mines will be closed. It is about "no collective or territory affected by the process of transition to a new energy model is left behind," in the words of Abascal.