May 13, 2021

Ten costumes to dress the tradition of the Pine – La Provincia


A dozen traditional costumes of which the population wore in Gran Canaria between the eighteenth and early twentieth centuries, can be seen until September 16, in the institutional showcase of the main facade of the Casa Palacio del Cabildo Grancanario.

It is a rich sample of ancient costumes and varied utensils already in disuse that decorates the aforementioned space located in the Bravo Murillo street, assembled for the fifth consecutive year on the occasion of the Fiestas del Pino 2019. The aforementioned showcase, promoted by the Ministry of Culture of the Cabildo, through the Canarian Nanino Díaz Cutillas Foundation, is installed with the purpose of valuing popular traditions in the framework of the celebration of this festival and on the occasion of the traditional Pilgrimage-Offering of the Pine, which will bring together in Teror all the municipalities of the Island on September 7.

Performed by the traditional Canarian dance teacher and ethnographer Jorge Guzmán Villegas, the showcase also exhibits a large number of Photographs made by the photographer Fran Hernandez throughout the last decade of pilgrims of the Pine in Teror, extracted from the 250 thousand that said photographer has of the popular Marian festivals.

Among the exposed suits stands out the Marseille cape, which arrived on the island through the Maltese merchants, or the so-called covered, a pledge well known for the way some women were covered in the eighteenth century.

From generation to generation

Jorge Guzmán says that the show, in addition to rescuing a part of the history linked to traditional clothing, has a didactic sense, because it advances to the public two models aimed at the smallest of the house, "which could be used perfectly today to go correctly dressed in the popular pilgrimages that take place on the island. "

According to Guzmán, valuable information about the characteristics of the clothing used by men and women of the ancient Canarian societies has been extracted from the wills and protocols of the time. "Now properties are inherited, before the goods and clothing were bequeathed, which passed from generation to generation. Unfortunately, the successive motivated burns that hit the island centuries ago by the epidemics of anger and other diseases have been the cause of the vast majority of clothing has disappeared. In Tenerife and La Palma it is where they are most preserved, "adds the specialist.

The scholar points out that "there is still research work around traditional clothing. The same I have He left two unfinished books in which he worked when he died, which are kept in the FEDAC of the Cabildo ".

Jorge Guzmán Villegas collaborated with José Antonio Pérez Cruz. He has worked as a teacher of traditional dance classes in the Artistic Schools of Arucas and Moya, municipalities in which he has carried out field tasks of an ethnographic nature around traditional ancient games, clothing and music. The researcher and member of the Drago y Laurel Group currently directs four folk groups.

According to Guzmán, we must continue to insist on the recovery of the pilgrimages and the traditions linked to them and be faithful to the origins of this type of manifestations ", so that it is of the opinion to repeat the canons of those first pilgrimages in the decade of the fifties.

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