The number of people who telework in Spain at least occasionally reached the end of 2020, the year of Covid, the record figure of 2.86 million, 74.2% more than at the end of 2019, which represents an increase in absolute values of more than a million workers compared to the previous year’s figures, according to a study by Adecco based on data from the Labor Force Survey (EPA).
In this way, the volume of employees who worked remotely at the end of last year stood at 14.5% of the total employed, compared to 7.9% in 2019, when only slightly more than 1.5 million people teleworked in Spain at least occasionally, the majority in the autonomous communities of Galicia, Extremadura, Catalonia and the Balearic Islands.
With the outbreak of the pandemic and the arrival of lockdown At home, the total number of people who work at least occasionally from home multiplied by more than two, exceeding 3.5 million people, an absolute record. Since then, with the de-escalation and the ‘new normal’, the total of teleworkers has been moderating until reaching 2.86 million people by the end of 2020, 14.5% of the total employed.
However, the report highlights that, despite the significant expansion of teleworking in recent months, this type of work in Spain is still behind most of the surrounding countries. Thus, while the proportion of teleworkers within the total employed reaches 14.5% in Spain, the mean of the European Union stands at 21.5%.
Among European countries, Sweden and the Netherlands top the ranking, as they have more than 40% of their employees working remotely. They are followed, with more than 35%, by Luxembourg (37.5%) and Finland (33.5%). In neighboring countries, the proportion of teleworkers is also higher than in Spain, with France at a rate of 28.3%, and Portugal, with a rate of 20.7%. Only Italy has a lower proportion of teleworkers than Spain (9.8%).
Madrid and Catalonia, the fastest growing
According to the report, the evolution of remote work has had a disparate behavior across communities, despite the fact that all have increased it compared to 2019. The Community of Madrid and Catalonia have multiplied their number of teleworkers by more than two in one year. In fact, in Madrid it has tripled. On the other hand, Aragon, Extremadura and the Valencian Community show increases of less than 20%.
In this way, the presence of teleworking has been concentrated in Madrid and Catalonia, which have gone from having a third of the total teleworkers in the country to half. If Andalusia and the Valencian Community are added, these four autonomies have gone from having 60% of the total teleworkers to 70%.
The report further reveals that nearly one in four jobs cut during the pandemic were part-time. The proportion of part-time employed in total workers has fallen to 14%, six tenths less than a year ago and its lowest rate since June 2012.