Seven governors of states of the south-southeast of Mexico expressed Friday support to the plan to stop the migration that the Government of the president Andrés Manuel López Obrador put in march since it signed an agreement with the United States to avoid tariffs to Mexican products.
"We are in a common cause," said Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard after a day of evaluation of the Comprehensive Development Plan on the Southern Border held in the Mexican city of Tuxtla Gutierrez, with federal officials and the governors of the states of Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo and Veracruz.
In a message to the press, Ebrard said that the governors "expressed their best disposition to participate and collaborate in the attention of migratory flows in a legal, orderly, safe manner and in adherence to the respect for human rights."
The foreign minister recalled that this plan aims to improve "the quality of life of the population and, in this framework, address the migration cycle with an integration approach" that is consistent with the Global Compact for Safe, Ordered and Regular Migration of the UN that was signed by Mexico.
The objective is to create a space of integration and economic development "that promotes a shared prosperity between the south and southeast of Mexico and the countries of Central America, via investment, trade, energy and digital integration," he said.
Ebrard said that the governors expressed "their willingness to contribute from the scope of their competencies to the implementation of the development plan."
Mexico signed an agreement with the United States on June 7 to avoid imposing tariffs on its products in exchange for maintaining a better control of migration that would be reflected in a reduction of undocumented flows to the north.
The south-southeast states receive the first impact of Central American migration, and that is where the government plan is centered.
On December 1, at the start of the López Obrador Government, Mexico signed a Political Declaration with Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala, from which the so-called El Salvador-Guatemala-Honduras-Mexico Comprehensive Development Plan is derived.
This plan was taken up by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) to present on May 20 a proposal for a plan to generate a comprehensive and articulated process of regional development, putting at the center the principles of equality and sustainability .
Ebrard insisted that the plan aims to improve the quality of life of the population and address migration "with an integration approach, a territorial understanding and a human security framework that is consistent with the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular".
At the same time, the citizen organization Scientific and Technological Advisory Forum criticized the actions of the Government of Mexico on migration issues, noting that the measures do not take into account "the social context of migrants and show that there is no integral migration policy" .
Mexico has addressed "for decades" the migration issue as if they were eventualities, and although today the issue of migrants' human rights is present, this "containment" does not translate into compliance with these guarantees, the Forum said.
"When migratory containment is used as the first mechanism of action, you prevent many of the people who request refuge from accessing protection," analyst Alonso Hernández López, an academic at the Colegio de la Frontera Norte, based in Tijuana, told the forum. northwest of Mexico.
The Forum acknowledged that the Plan for the Development of Central America "is a good strategy" but said that the results will be seen in the long term and that now requires "immediate actions that offer protection and alternatives for these people."
So far this year, the National Institute of Migration (Inami) of Mexico has deported 97,000 Central Americans and serves 109,487 foreigners who are awaiting a resolution of their cases, which can range from the regularization of their status or expulsion of the country, indicated the Forum.
(tagsToTranslate) southeast (t) Mexico (t) collaborate (t) migracion (t) ordenada