The Spaniards will have a life expectancy 85.8 years in 2040, which will make Spain the country with greater life expectancy in the world, according to a study by the University of Washington (Seattle, USA) released on Tuesday.
Currently, Spanish citizens live an average of 82.9 years, an amount that puts Spain in fourth place in the world ranking on life expectancy, which is made up of 195 nations.
Japan (1), Switzerland (2) and Singapore (3) are the three countries that now overtake Spain in that table, which includes the health situation and mortality rates, among others.
However, the projections of the Institute for the Metrics and Evaluation of Health of the University of Washington for 2040 indicate that Spain will surpass these three nations in the classification and will lead the table "if recent health trends continue".
In addition, in the best possible scenario raised in the report, life expectancy in Spain could rise up to 4.5 years, that is, up to 87.4 years of age.
In 2016, the top ten causes of premature death in Spain were, in order, ischemic heart disease, Alzheimer's, the Cancer of lung, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancer of the colon and rectum, breast cancer, suicide, other cardiovascular diseases and lower respiratory infections.
In 2040, however, it is expected that the fundamental reasons for premature death in Spain are Alzheimer's, ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, COPD, colon and rectal cancer, stroke, chronic kidney disease, other cardiovascular diseases, pancreatic cancer and diabetes.
The United States, meanwhile, which is in the 43rd position in the world, with a life expectancy of 78.7 years, will go down to position 64 in this ranking, according to the calculations of the experts.
On the other hand, the team led by Professor Kyle Foreman projected a significant global increase in deaths from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including diabetes, chronic kidney disease and lung cancer, as well as the worsening of health outcomes linked to the obesity.
In their conclusions, the authors stressed that there is "a great potential" to influence health through the fight against high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, alcohol and air pollution, among others.
They also recommended to the national governments to address "key risk factors", such as education levels and per capita income, to improve the life expectancy of their countries.