85% of workers who have a temporary contract in Spain are unable to find a full-time job. That is, they are involuntary temporary. This is one of the conclusions of the last report of the International Labor Organization (ILO), which points to our country as the most forced temporality in Europe. This percentage reaches 75% in other countries with high temporality such as Belgium, Greece or Italy.
Conversely, it is below 10% in Austria, around 15% in Germany and 30% in the Netherlands. Something similar happens with part-time jobs, which in six out of ten cases are also involuntary. The European average is around 30%, half that in Spain.
According to the ILO, these workers with temporary and part-time contracts have a more likely that their wages are below the poverty line. Limit under which approximately one fifth of the Spanish self-employed are located. In this sense, it highlights that the percentage of temporary is "significantly increasing" in Spain after the stabilization of previous years, reaching a maximum of 26.8% in 2017, the highest level of the last decade.
The unemployment rate in Spain will fall from 15.5% in 2018 to 14% in 2020, according to the organization's forecasts. «Spain has a problem, the great use of the temporary contract, which was improving but now gets worse», stressed the ILO's research director, Damian Grimshaw. The situation is even worse among the youngest, since 62% of temporary workers in the past decade have gone to 75%.
"The widespread use of this contract generates other problems, so you should review well how the labor market works, what are its objectives, that is the great challenge for Spain," the expert told Efe. "When a company wants more than 50% of its contracts to be temporary, it should answer well why. Sometimes you have to ask a business if you really need such a temporary level, "he warned.