Spain has reached a percentage of renewables in the final energy demand of 21.2%, thus exceeding the European targets for penetration of renewable energies and energy efficiency set for 2020, which were set at 20%, according to the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge.
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The achievement of the objective has been achieved both by the increase in the production of clean energy and by the reduction in demand caused by the health crisis. In the case of energy efficiency, the community objective of 20% has also been widely exceeded, achieving 35.4%.
The percentage of renewable electricity has increased from 37.13% to 42.94%. Among the factors that have contributed to this increase, stands out the growth of 10.1% in generation with renewables in relation to the previous year, which has been combined with the decrease in gross demand of 4.81%.
The Ministry highlighted that these results "consolidate the path of decarbonization of the electricity generation sector, which, for the second consecutive year, has broken records in reducing emissions."
Increase final consumption in transport
Meanwhile, the percentage of renewables in final energy consumption in transportation increased from 7.61% to 9.54%. This growth was contributed by the drop in demand, as well as by the policy to promote biofuels in road transport, which has been a boost to increase this objective in recent years.
For its part, the percentage of renewables corresponding to the production of heat and cold rose from 17.20% to 17.97%, mainly due to the reduction in demand.
The energy efficiency objectives committed by Spain to the European Union are established by the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC) 2021-2030, both in primary energy (PEC) and in final energy (FEC), minus non-energy uses .
By 2020, the percentage of reduction in primary energy reached 35.4%, comfortably exceeding the target set by Spain, of 20%, especially due to the lower economic activity derived from the pandemic.
Primary energy consumption in Spain in 2020 was 110,847 kilotonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe), which represented a reduction of 12.0% compared to 2019. Of these, 64,794 ktoe corresponded to refining and direct uses and 42,917 ktoe to production electrical.
Meanwhile, final energy consumption, on the other hand, experienced a decrease of 13.4% compared to 2019, to a total of 79,436 kilotonnes of oil equivalent.
On December 7, the Government of Spain presented Eurostat with information on the renewable target and the transportation target, both established in the Renewables Directive.
The calculation of the energy efficiency objectives and the energy balance of Spain for 2020 are made from the information contained in the annual questionnaires on solid fossil fuels and manufactured gases, nuclear energy, natural gas, electricity and heat, oil and petroleum products , renewable energy and energy from waste, sent to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA) on 25 November.