Administrations have set a date to withdraw from circulation the gasoline and diesel cars, but at the current rate of growth of the electric car the goal seems impossible. Of the total of 26 million vehicles in circulation, only 0.1% are electric at present. "In a hypothesis of an increase of 10% per annum in electric vehicle registrations, it would take 172 years to complete the entire park," says a report from the Solera consultancy presented at the congress of the organization of Faconauto dealers. "In another more idyllic hypothesis under the assumption that since this year only electric were purchased in Spain, this goal would be achieved in 2036, that is, four years before the Government planned," he adds.
Today, the highest price is one of the great handicaps of the electric car, which on average has a cost of about 25,000 euros "There are not many, therefore, who can afford to buy an electric car," says the report, which recalls, only two out of ten households in Spain have a r
inta half of more than 2,500 euros per month, which are those that could pay a car of these characteristics, according to INE data.
The study calculates that workshops and the until now lucrative post-sale business would be reduced by 38%, to 8,500 million euros, if in 2025 the car fleet was 100% electric.
An electric car carries 25 pieces less than those of gasoline or diesel
The reason for this reduction in billing: an internal combustion vehicle requires a series of preventive maintenance every six years or kilometers that disappear with the electric one. In addition, gasoline or diesel vehicles integrate 25 parts and elements that are not found in electric vehicles, such as oil, oil filters, timing belt, spark plugs, injectors or exhaust pipes.
In return, an expensive item will arrive at the workshops -the battery with an average cost of 11,000 euros-, although it is estimated that it will only need to be changed every ten years, a much longer period than the mechanical parts of a diesel require. or gasoline. The transition will also impact on the workforce, since the number of hours worked in the workshops could suffer a decrease of up to 90%, because the change of battery hardly requires six hours of work.
Second-hand cars are increasingly older
The electromobility objectives also contrast with two realities: the progressive aging of the park and the evolution of the used vehicle market. At present, 29% of the vehicles in circulation are more than 15 years old, but Solera estimates that in a period of five years it will increase to 43%.
And in the second-hand market, 57% of sales correspond to vehicles more than ten years old for a price issue. "The 59% of households that now live in Spain with an income lower than 1,600 euros per month and, therefore, with less capacity to buy new vehicles and, especially, if it is electric", concludes the study.