Face and cross for Spain at the climate summit in Katowice (Poland) that begins today, where it comes with an ambitious project of climate change and energy transition, but also with indicators that reveal that greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow.
The 24th Conference of the Parties to the UN Climate Change Convention (COP24) starts today in Katowice, where 30,000 delegates from 197 countries will meet with a main challenge: to set the rules of the game to implement the Paris Agreement and maintain Global warming of the planet below 2 degrees.
In line with its European partners, Spain will bet on the full decarbonisation of the economy by the year 2050, and at the climate summit it will defend that the more developed countries assume more ambitious commitments than those that were embodied in the Paris Agreement.
But also, the Spanish delegation, which today is headed by the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, and that next week will lead the Minister Teresa Ribera, wants to influence the importance that this transition towards a decarbonised economy must be "fair" and in the role that workers and the most vulnerable localities must play.
FIRST CLIMATE CHANGE ACT
Although it is still a draft, the bill (or decree, because the government has not decided how to process it) of climate change plans that greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 have been reduced by 90 percent over the year basis of the negotiations (1990).
Along with this initiative, Spain can boast at the summit of having placed climate change in a cross-cutting way in all the Government's agendas, with the creation of a Ministry destined to lead the ecological transition.
And having put at the head of it a person, Teresa Ribera, with a great career in the field of climate negotiation and an important international projection in this field, culminated in recent years at the head of the Institute of Sustainable Development and International Relations , based in Paris.
The Government wants the action against global warming to be so transversal that it will propose by law that at least 20 percent of the State General Budgets should have a positive impact in the fight against climate change.
In this commitment to the total decarbonisation of the Spanish economy, the Spanish Government will propose that the electricity system be based exclusively on renewable sources by 2050, and that by that year the emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere have been reduced by 90 percent compared to 1990 levels.
For the Government, a complete decarbonisation of the economy can not be achieved without fully decarbonising mobility, and it is set to prohibit in 2040 the sale and registration of all light vehicles that emit carbon dioxide directly (diesel, gasoline, gas or hybrids) and in 2050 its circulation.
GASES OF GREENHOUSE EFFECT CONTINUE GROWING IN SPAIN
But the data highlights that carbon dioxide emissions continue to grow in Spain, and are currently close to 17 percent above 1990 levels (reference year in international agreements).
Precisely the National Institute of Statistics has just released the latest report on emissions of greenhouse gases in Spain, which reveals that they grew again last year.
These emissions grew 2.6 percent last year compared to the 2016 figures, standing at 344 million tons.
Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse gas and its emissions grew 3.8 percent last year, but the INE's statistics also show how other gases responsible for global warming have evolved, such as methane or rust. nitrous.
The publication of the report of the INE has coincided with the dissemination of the data collected in the meteorological observatory of Izaña (Tenerife), where 2018 "record" values of concentrations of the two main greenhouse gases, dioxide carbon and methane.
Izaña's data have been incorporated into the report published by the World Meteorological Organization, which has also revealed that there is no indication of investment in this trend that is triggering long-term climate change, the rise in sea level, the acidification of the oceans and a greater number of extreme weather events.
THE REQUIREMENTS OF ECOLOGIST ORGANIZATIONS
Faced with this situation, the main Spanish environmental organizations have warned about the importance of the Katowice Summit.
Greenpeace has called for a "bold" commitment to accelerate climate action and has stressed that this is "the last generation of leaders who still have time to act", and in the same sense Friends of the Earth foresees a "long and intense" summit at the level of demand that is needed at a time when weather evidences "no longer give respite to continue postponing the action".
The WWF organization has recalled that numerous scientific reports have put on the table the "catastrophic" impacts that will occur without an "urgent and broad" climate action, and has urged the international community to take advantage of this summit to lead the planet towards a transition energetic