SMEs raise the accelerator's foot in job creation


BELÉN RODRIGO

MADRIDUpdated:

The slowdown also pertains to SMEs and their capacity as an employment engine. In 2018, SMEs were the protagonists in the generation of work, with 340,000 new highs. In the next five years they are expected to create around one million jobs, and half a million more until 2028. As you can see, the pace slows down evidently in the short and medium term, according to these figures provided by the annual report on employment in SMEs prepared by the Randstad Research and Cepyme study center (Spanish Confederation of Small and Medium Enterprises).

In the next five years, small businesses - from 10 to 49 employees - will demand 372,696 jobs (38.3% of the total); the medium-sized ones - from 50 to 249 -, 312,610 (32.1%) and the micro-enterprises - from 1 to 9 -, 288,198 (29.6%). Despite the data, those responsible for the study emphasize that e the key is not in the pace of growth, but in that the trend continues to rise. With the million and a half expected in the next decade "precrisis levels will be exceeded without any bubble that inflates them," he emphasizes Valentine Boat Director of Randstad Research. For its part, Carlos Ruiz, director of Economy and Innovation of Cepyme, recognizes that the report reflects a certain pause of the average growth of employment. And as for the political break in the country, he understands that "the forecasts are subject to the present and if this situation of a break is repeated, it will affect job creation."

«SMEs represent 99% of the country's companies and they suffered the most in the crisis, losing 20% ​​of employment. It has been difficult for them to return to the pre-crisis levels, especially the smaller ones. But in 80% of the 87 sectors analyzed there has been a net increase in employment, ”he recalled Rodrigo Martín, CEO of Randstad in Spain and Latin America. Medium-sized companies registered the highest growth (5.1%), similar to that maintained by large companies (5.2%), while the most discrete increase was that of microenterprises (1.4%).

The sectors with the highest growth in affiliation in the last year were IT (12.1%), construction (10.9%) and installation and repair of machinery (9.2%). In the future, 50% of new employment demands will be concentrated in ten occupations and the greatest excess supply will be in the hotel, information and education sectors.

The most demanded

In five years, 97,684 jobs will be for store and warehouse employees, 86,796 for catering professionals and 61,349 for non-university education professionals. Then there are food preparation assistants, support professionals in finance, mathematics, social sciences and ICT, professionals specialized in electricity and caregivers in residential services. For Rodrigo Martín it is important that society knows this change in the labor market. «In 2018 the hiring of qualified jobs increased and the most wanted They were the medium-low profiles. But they will increase the medium-high profiles ». There is a noticeable mismatch in supply and demand but despite this it is expected to reduce unemployment to 10%. According to this report, the jobs that are going to have deficit problems are qualified and unskilled in construction and those related to science and engineering.

There is a notable mismatch in supply and demand but despite this it is expected to reduce unemployment to 10%

Conversely, there will be an excess supply of unskilled agricultural personnel, Hospitality employees and teaching professionals. Those responsible for the report consider it important that professionals know what the medium and long-term employment trends will be in order to guide their studies and preparation. As Rodrigo Martín notes, "although we see that the demand for STEMs increase the enrollment data in the careers of these branches falls by 7%".

Given this new panorama, «to maintain the path of job creation, labor market flexibility is necessary. Temporary hiring is interesting because 37% of indefinite jobs come from prior temporary hiring, ”said the head of Randstad.

Training will make a difference in this transformation of the labor market. "SMEs are key tools to attract and retain talent but training is needed," said Gerardo Cueva, president of Cepyme. The deputy director of Active Policies of the SEPE, Maru Menéndez, pointed out the need to "bring training closer to the company" in order to respond to the demands of new jobs.

. (tagsToTranslate) SMEs (t) creation (t) employment



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