Singapore, Japan and Spain are the three countries in which the population expects to live for more years in good health, according to a report published today by The Lancet.
The hope for a healthy life is 74.2 years in Singapore; of 73.1 years in Japan and 72.1 years in Spain, according to the work prepared by the Institute of Metrics and Health Evaluation (IHME) of the University of Washington.
In contrast, the States with the lowest life expectancy in healthy conditions are the Central African Republic (44.8 years), Lesotho (47 years) and South Sudan (50.6 years).
The Global Burden Desease (GBD) report from the US center notes that the world population has increased by 192% since 1950, when there were 2.6 billion people in the world, until 2017, when they lived 7.6 billion.
Between 2007 and 2017, the global population has increased around 87.2 million people each year, while between 1997 and 2007 that increase was 81.5 million per year.
In the seven years prior to 2017, 33 countries registered a decline in their population, most of them in Europe, including Spain, Greece, Portugal, Romania and Portugal, as well as Japan, Cuba and Puerto Rico.
Among the countries in which over the same period the population increased by more than 2%, 33 are in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Mali.
In its analysis of the incidence of health problems in the world, the work indicates that the largest proportion of health personnel available to the population is in Cuba, Qatar and most European countries, while the worst proportion is recorded in sub-Saharan Africa.
It also stresses that men are more likely than women to die from noncommunicable diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes.
Researchers have determined some of the causes that caused more than one million deaths in the world in 2017, among them coronary heart disease, neonatal disorders, embolisms, respiratory infections, diarrhea, road accidents and chronic lung diseases.
The highest rates of ischemic heart disease were detected in Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Acerbayán, while the lowest were registered in South Korea, Japan and France.
The Marshall Islands, Papua New Guinea and Montenegro have the highest rate of embolisms, while the lowest is found in Switzerland, France and Singapore.
The report also warns that a rapid increase in the death rate has been detected due to problems related to the use of antibiotics and resistant bacteria.
"An unintended consequence of increased access to healthcare globally is the increase in mortality and disorders linked to pharmaceutical products, specifically the resistance to antibiotics and the use of opioids," said IHME director Christopher Murray
In the last decade, deaths linked to the use of opioids have increased by more than 75%, from 61,859 deaths in 2007 to 109,520 last year.
Murray stressed, however, that the world "has also seen various success stories" in recent decades.
"The investments that have been made in poor countries to improve prenatal care and water sanitation have clearly made a difference in the lives of people," he said.