July 24, 2021

Sergio Guerra: "After the Spanish colonization, Havana became totally fifteen years old" – La Provincia

Sergio Guerra: "After the Spanish colonization, Havana became totally fifteen years old" - La Provincia


The professor at the University of Havana, Sergio Guerra Vilaboy, he assures that "after the Spanish colonization Havana was totally transformed in fifteen years". The expert made the remarks during his speech today at the opening conference of the XXIII Colloquium of American Canary History which is celebrated until October 12 at the Casa de Colón.

In this international meeting the political, economic, cultural and social traditions that have existed between the Canary Islands and the Atlantic World, between the continental and the insular will be analyzed from different fields and from the historical perspective.

Guerra made a panorama of the city of Havana about the 500 anniversary of its foundation that is commemorated in 2019. The town, which was the last settlement created in 1514 by the conquistadors from La Española, was not established in its current position until four years later. The professor recalled the three areas that were formed in Cuba during the domination. "At the end of the period, the city continued to grow uninterrupted, which opened parks, avenues and promenades." and he gave the example of the surprise of the Spanish immigrant who, on his return in 1915 to Cuba, "was admired by the growing meadow and the shining meadow, with modern buildings that look like a different capital".

However, the problems of racial segregation with bridges constructions that allowed the subdivision of neighborhoods and the development of four longitudinal avenues. However, after the triumph of the Revolution of 1959 radically changed the constructive strategy, promoting cheap housing for workers, while redistributing others for social purposes. However, "economic limitations and other factors, including the US blockade of Cuba, affected that process" and led to the deterioration of the city that, now, on its fifth centenary, its inhabitants are struggling to return all their old splendor at the same time that they put it in tune with the transformations and advances of the current times.

With this conference the Casa de Colón opens its doors to a total of 241 specialists of 18 nationalities. The outstanding presence of "the other shore" crystallizes in the participation of 62 academics from 11 American countries -Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Cuba, the United States, Mexico and Puerto Rico-, to which are added historians and historians from Germany, France, Holland, Poland, Portugal and the United Kingdom, as well as 45 from different Spanish universities. In addition, the Colloquium certifies its status as a seedbed and lever of historical research done in the Canary Islands with the registration of 118 researchers from the archipelago.

Therefore, Gran Canaria consolidates its role as a meeting point and international academic debate in this edition, which will be held until next October 12 under the slogan Historical-cultural relations between the Atlantic world, which is established as a starting point for researchers expand knowledge of cultural and socioeconomic flows between continents and archipelagos.

Thus, the 23rd American Canary History Colloquium, organized in a dozen seminars, and the 12th Adhilac International Meeting, delves into the existing connections and their socio-cultural repercussions between Europe, Africa and America with the different islands that make up the Atlantic universe .

The list of seminars demonstrates the wide range of topics that will be put on the table during the colloquium, such as seminars Comparative history of trade between America, the Caribbean and Europe: the natural dyes between the XVI-XX centuries and the exchange networks, Havana and its importance in the Atlantic world, the word, power and war. The Atlantic and Caribbean islands in times of Revolution 1801-1823 or Tobacco sugar, slaves and taxation in the Atlantic worlds. Also included are activities of relevance to the Canary Islands, such as the presentation of the website with the works of Juan Marichal, which reflect his intellectual career between 1922 and 2010, by his son, the researcher and professor Carlos Marichal Salinas, in an act which will host the Juan Negrín Foundation.

The rest of the journey includes thematic scales in social and political movements in Latin America and the Caribbean; the politics and cultural action of Latin American diplomats between 1880 and 1940; the meaning of the 1868 Revolution on the 150th anniversary of La Gloriosa; the ultramarine borders and the Atlantic in the origins of the Spanish monarchy; the journey and cultural counterpoint between the Canary Islands and America, cultural landscapes or water, religiosity and Marian devotions on the Atlantic islands, among other thematic areas. All available and updated information can be consulted on the colloquium website.

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