Employment continues to recover strongly. September has registered good data in its two main indicators of the evolution of the labor market: registered unemployment fell by 76,113 people, a historic fall in this month in which unemployment traditionally rises with the end of summer contracts, and affiliation Social Security increased by 57,387 workers on average, above the usual records for this month. In addition, there is another good news that the Government expected in recent months: it has managed to exceed the employment data prior to the pandemic in seasonally adjusted terms.
The number of people affiliated with Social Security stood on average at 19,531,111, after the increase of just over 57,000 workers last month, according to data published this Monday by the Ministry of Social Security. In seasonally adjusted terms, which marginalize the ups and downs of the calendar that condition our labor market, employment reached 19,559,689 employed persons affiliated with Social Security. This is the highest figure on record and, finally, above the pre-pandemic level.
People in ERTE were reduced by 32,960, if we take into account the date of notification, to a new low: 239,230. The Ministry of Social Security highlights that “more than 93.4%” of the 3.6 million people who came to be included in it during the pandemic have already left this employment protection instrument. Almost a third of the total, 76,639 people (32%), were suspended part-time. That is, they work part of their day.
Unemployment is approaching pre-pandemic levels
Unemployment has also registered good data, with the fall of 76,113 (-2.28%) unemployed persons enrolled in public employment offices, “breaking the usual upward trend” of increase this month, recalls the Ministry of Labor. Female unemployment fell by 39,977 (-2.03%) women, to a total of 1,932,239, while male unemployment fell by 36,136 (-2.65%) fewer registered unemployed, leaving the total at 1,325,563 .
Unemployment accumulates seven consecutive months of falls for the first time since 2000, also highlights the ministry directed by Yolanda Díaz. In this period, it has decreased by 750,987 people.
The total number of unemployed people thus fell to 3,257,802, a figure still above that registered before the coronavirus crisis, but already closer to that level. The number of unemployed in February 2020 was 3,246,047 (11,755 more than the current figure) and the difference with September 2019, the last comparable figure before the crisis, is still 178,000 more unemployed people.
“The sectors of industry, agriculture and construction already present a lower level of unemployment at the beginning of the pandemic”, highlights the Ministry of Labor compared to February 2020, but not the services, which accumulated the greatest destruction of employment for this crisis.
Affiliate workers keep increasing
The General Social Security Scheme, which includes the vast majority of wage earners, registered an average of 55,517 more workers (0.35%), in September, reaching 16,146,403 employed persons. The Special Agrarian System added 23,068 workers compared to August, and the Home lost 1,635.
The sectors that registered the greatest increase were education (5.51%), as usual in this month of the beginning of the school year, followed by administrative activities and auxiliary services (1.93%) and Information and Communications ( 1.18%).
For its part, the Self-Employed Regime stood at 3,319,875 average affiliates in September, 4,272 more than the previous month (0.13%). The self-employed have already recovered their level of employment prior to the pandemic months ago.
If we look back 12 months, to see the year-on-year evolution, membership has grown by 654,722 people, representing an increase of 3.47%. The rate of job recovery is slightly reduced compared to the previous summer months, but it remains very high. The sectors that increased the most in September with respect to the previous year in the General Regime were Information and Communications (8.43%), Hospitality (8.31%) and Artistic, Recreational and Entertainment Activities (7.99%) .