More than 100,000 euros separate the average income of the richest neighborhood in Spain, La Moraleja, in Alcobendas (Madrid) of the poorest, the Carrús, in Elche (Alicante). The families of the La Moraleja residential development, north of the capital, have an average disposable income of 113,642 euros, more than eight times more than those in this area of Elche, which with 13,286 is the most humble in the country, according to the income data that has been made public this Thursday Tax agency.
For the first time, the Ministry of Finance provides income statistics by zip code that allow to verify the inequalities not only between municipalities, but between neighborhoods within the same locality. The data, of 2016, allow to consult the income declared by the citizens of 33 Spanish cities of more than 200,000 inhabitants or that have fewer inhabitants but meet one of these two requirements: more than 100,000 IRPF declarations or total gross income higher than 2,200 millions of euros.
Of the 10 neighborhoods with the highest income, four are in Madrid capital and three in Barcelona. The rest of the richest neighborhoods correspond to two municipalities of Madrid, Pozuelo and Alcobendas. The average income of these 10 zones is 65,468 euros. The difference between La Moraleja and the next richest neighborhood, Vallvidrera-Tibidabo i Les Planes (65,700 euros), in Barcelona, is double.
The city of Elche concentrates three of the 10 most underprivileged neighborhoods in Spain, according to this statistic. Other three areas of Murcia are also among the poorest, along with neighborhoods of Jerez de la Frontera, Córdoba and Alicante. The average income in these areas barely exceeds 14,700 euros.
The data made public this Thursday by the Tax Agency refer to municipalities with more than 200,000 inhabitants, according to the Population Census, and are based on the income tax returns of individuals (IRPF) of taxpayers who reside in those zip codes. The average disposable income of all the neighborhoods analyzed is 24,167 euros.
The most prosperous neighborhoods are concentrated around large capitals such as Madrid and Barcelona, with some exceptions in Valencia (Pla de Remei neighborhood, in the Eixample district) and in Palma de Mallorca (Sant Jaume). The 30 postcodes or neighborhoods with lower income are all located in cities of Andalusia, Valencia and Murcia.
A report by the National Institute of Statistics (INE) published in 2016 analyzed for the first time the inequality of wealth by neighborhoods in the framework of a European project called Urban Audit. He studied the characteristics of 484 neighborhoods of 16 Spanish municipalities with more than 250,000 inhabitants with data for 2012. The neighborhoods of El Viso and La Piovera, in Madrid, had the highest average income. The lowest were located in the city of Seville, specifically in areas 5-A (neighborhood South Polygon South district) and 4-E (neighborhoods of Los Pájaros and Amate Cerro-Amate district), with just over 12,000 euros .
If the average of all the districts of the studied municipalities is calculated, the inhabitants of Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid) are the richest, with 53,428 euros of disposable income. It is followed by Las Rozas, also in Madrid, with 38,258 euros. The poorest town is Elche (Alicante), with an average income three times lower than that of Pozuelo, of 16,977 euros. It is followed by Jerez de la Frontera (Cádiz) with 19,415 euros.
Madrid and Barcelona are, by far, the cities where more people declare income higher than 60,101 euros, the last tranche of the taxable income of the IRPF. In Madrid, these incomes were perceived by almost 138,000 people. In Barcelona, more than 67,000. Among those who declare the highest salaries are those who live in Alcobendas and Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid). They are few, but they have very high incomes. The 6,085 taxpayers of the highest section of income tax in Alcobendas received an average of 164,000 euros and 9,837 of Pozuelo, 147,000 euros.