The Ministry of Health of the Canary Islands Government reports that during 2019 they were reached in the Autonomous Community a total of 120 organ donations, 9 percent more than those registered in 2018. In this way, a rate of 50.6 donors per million inhabitants is obtained, which has saved the lives of 183 people in the Canary Islands. This is a record of donations that remains up for four consecutive years and that keeps us above the national average, located at 48.9 donors per million inhabitants.
The Reference hospital professionals from the Canary Islands Health Service (SCS) They have therefore performed a total of 183 organ transplants, of which 153 were kidney, 28 liver, one pancreas and one heart.
The exercise Registered by hospitals is estimated at 79 kidney transplants and one pancreatic at the University Hospital of the Canary Islands; 28 of liver in the University Hospital Nuestra Señora de Candelaria; a total of 74 of kidney in the Insular-Maternal and Infant University Hospital Complex of the Canary Islands; and, at the University Hospital of Gran Canaria Dr. Negrín, one of heart after starting his heart transplant program in December, becoming the reference center for this modality in the Canary Islands. This is one of the important advances to be highlighted in the annual balance of transplant activity, since until now the Canarian patients who needed this type of intervention had to move for months to the Peninsula waiting for a compatible organ that would allow them to perform the intervention.
Increase in donors in all modalities
Also, of 2019 balance stresses that there has been an increase in donations in all modalities, including those of living donors for kidney transplantation. The University Hospital of the Canary Islands is the regional reference center for this type of transplant. During 2019, 11 of these procedures were performed in the Canary Islands, achieving an increase of 83 percent over the previous year. The main advantage over corpse donation is that the survival of the renal graft and the patient is greater in the case of a living donor.
In this same line, it should be noted that the donation In asystole continues to increase so that in 2019 the donation in this modality increased by 61 percent to reach 29 donors during 2019, this means that it already constitutes 26.6 percent of the Canary Islands donors.
Donation in controlled asystole allows the donation of organs of people in whom the diagnosis of death It has been established by circulatory and respiratory criteria. In order for this type of donation to occur, it is a necessary condition that the death of the patient has been predicted in the short term under certain conditions; It is also necessary to set up an infrastructure different from that carried out with donors who died in brain or brain death.
How to become a donor
The express donor card The willingness to donate but has no legal value. Therefore, it is more important and simple for the donor to communicate to the family that desire to be respected when his death occurs. Usually, it is the family who transmits the will of the deceased person, always acting on their behalf, before the request for donation by the medical teams. In any case, the card can be obtained through the National Transplant Organization (ONT) and patient associations. It is essential to communicate this decision to family and friends.
Currently, to facilitate and ensure respect for the will to donate, the person who wishes to be a donor can make a Anticipated Manifestation of Will (MAV), a document that contains the instructions and options that must be respected by the health personnel who attend the grantor about the care and treatment of their health that if it has legal validity; the provisions regarding the fate of your body and the donation of organs and tissues.
The MAV can be carried out before the officials of the Ministry of Health or before any notary belonging to the Canary Notary Association, once the relevant authorization is obtained, according to the agreement established between the Ministry of Health of the Government of the Canary Islands and the Notary Association of the Canary Islands.
More than 100 professionals
The Ministry of Health stresses that the realization of a transplant has the differentiating particularity with other sanitary processes of starting after the solidarity and altruistic act of the donation, for which it is necessary to thank the donors and relatives for this decision, normally taken at a time of extreme difficulty. The thanks are also extended to the work and dedication of the more than 100 professionals of the hospitals that make it possible to carry out each of the transplants, led by the hospital coordinators, professionals in contact with the donor’s relatives and who constitute the key and differentiating piece of the so-called “Spanish model” that is an international reference.
Finally it is imperative to remember the multitude of health groups and not sanitary that make possible all the logistics and actions essential for the realization of this process. Intervene among others the security forces, Civil protection, emergency services personnel, airlines, airports, courts and others who in an altruistic way make it possible to carry out a transplant. Special mention for its involvement and collaboration to convey the benefits and the message of the donation also deserve the associations of patients and the media of the Canary Islands.