The good performance of employment in the last quarter of 2018 compared to the bad data of the two previous years is largely based on the boom in public employment. In this sense, the occupation increased between October and December in 43,400 people in the public sector, while it decreased in 6,900 people in the private sector. In the last twelve months, employment has increased by 430,000 people in the private sector and by 136,200 in the public sector.
In any case, not all of this new employment in the civil service is of quality. According to the Central Union of Independent Employees and Officials (CSIF), the most representative union in public administrations, the precariousness record has been broken, as one in four public jobs are temporary. At this moment there are 843,300 temporary contracts, 26% of the total public jobs, which is the highest figure in the historical series. In fact, of those 136,200 new incorporations in the administration in 2018, the vast majority (three out of four) are temporary.
For this reason, CSIF has asked the Government to continue negotiations to analyze these precarious data, the needs of the staff and establish a new agenda to improve working conditions and in terms of remuneration, so that the salary structure prior to the downing of the Government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.
The unions Comisiones Obreras and UGT criticized the EPA in several communities because they consider that they still hide a high temporality and the maintenance of the gender gap.
For the Bank of Spain, the rebound in employment in the fourth quarter of last year reflected the "high dynamism" registered by the occupation in construction and, to a lesser extent, in non-market services. By type of contract, the acceleration of employment was transferred to temporary employees, who advanced by 3.9%, above the growth of the indefinite (+ 3.1%), which raised the temporary ratio to 26, 9% For its part, the industry registered a slight fall in created jobs (-0.1%), after nine consecutive quarters of progress.