During the last few years hard times have been lived for everyone, businessmen and workers. Those who have remained afloat, have seen their salaries reduced, if not frozen. But it seems that some light begins to be glimpsed at the end of the tunnel for the workers. 59.7% of companies believe that in 2025 the salary levels lost during the crisis will have recovered, compared to 40.3% who think that in the next six years we still will not have achieved it, according to a report by Infoempleo-Adecco . And for 2019, companies foresee the higher increases of the last decade, according to forecasts of the consultant PeopleMatters. 2.60% on average among companies that plan to apply it, a percentage that stands at 2.47% if it is included in the calculation of companies without a raise. A rise that follows the upward trend observed already in 2018, when 91% of Spanish companies made average wage increases of 2.56%. This year the proportion of companies that plan to revise salaries will increase: only 5.6% (compared to 8.1% in 2018) leaves the increase for this year to zero.
As has been the case in recent years, the professionals who hold positions in the first organizational levels were the most benefited by salary reviews in 2018, a trend that continues this year. Thus, qualified technicians will receive the highest increases: the expected increase is 2.66% for the top management; 2.73% for middle managers; 2.81% for qualified technicians; 2.62% for commercials; 2.35% for administrative staff and 2.35% for operators. It is relevant as a change of trend that the qualified technicians advance to the management, both high and intermediate, as the professional group with higher expected increase.
Another novelty planned for this year is the introduction of professional merits as a parameter to increase salaries. It is the part that rises the most, to the detriment of fixed wage items, according to PeopleMatters. It is consolidated for all categories, with a weight very similar to that of previous years: 29% for top management; 18% intermediate controls; 11% qualified technicians, 23% commercial; 8% administrative staff and 8% among operators. The salaries of the new incorporations are also revalued and they do so globally, with the engineers experiencing the greatest increase compared to last year (2.81% vs. 2.73% in 2017). It also foresees wage increases Infoempleo-Adecco. According to his study, facing 2019 64.8% of the companies say that they will increase the remuneration of their employees, compared to 35.2% who will not.
Of those that do raise salaries, 28.3% believe that professionals in the commercial and sales areas will benefit from this increase and 26.1% in the area of engineering and production. With regard to workers who were already part of the company, it has carried out different wage policies: 48.9% have frozen wages; 32.9% have increased them and 16.3% have reduced them. By areas, management and management reach the highest salaries: 44,063 euros. It is followed by the area of technology, information technology and telecommunications (30,747 euros), the legal area (30,229 euros) and marketing, communication and content (30,030 euros).
A reflection of the robustness achieved by the labor market is that companies have continued to expand their workforce in the last year. However, according to the organizations consulted by Infoempleo-Adecco, the salaries they have offered are, in their majority, lower than those already received by those who are part of their teams and who hold similar positions. In this sense, 56.3% of the organizations recognize paying a lower salary than these new incorporations: 30.2% offer remuneration of up to 30% below; 56% between 30% and 50% lower, and 3.3% up to 50% lower. 35.3%, on the other hand, pay similar salaries while only 5.6% are offering higher salaries than new hires. During the last year, only 16.3% of organizations have reduced salaries in their workforce and 4.8% have only done so in their variable part. On the contrary, 32.9% have raised them. The majority, however, has opted for the freeze of salary, as confessed 48.9% of respondents.
Despite the change in trend, ESpain continues to the tail of the countries that have recovered the salary levels prior to 2008. Noelia de Lucas, commercial director of Hays Spain, maintains that wages have not recovered to the same level as the country's wealth has. "In 2018 many companies have strengthened and it is now, when good data should be noticed in the pockets of workers. At the moment, it is being very gradual ». There are professionals, De Lucas adds, who are living in a wage bubble, such as those related to the new technologies sector.
According to Hays forecasts, salary increases will occur in all sectors in 2019, both at managerial level and at the intermediate level. It will be in the legal sector and in the information technology sector where the highest increases will occur, of 11% and 6% respectively, followed by the logistics sector (5%), customer service, banking, construction and real estate.
Salaries also vary considerably from one professional category to another. As a reference, an average manager receives a salary offer that is 2.6 times higher than that of an employee and 1.9 times that of a technician. The salaries of managers are on average 49,924 euros compared to the 26,304 euros on average received by technicians in Spain and 34,679 euros from middle management, according to Infoempleo-Adecco sources.
Reflection that the labor market has been invigorated is also the fact that 34.7% of the companies have had incorporations throughout 2018, especially among qualified and commercial technicians.
The best gift
Once again, 61% of Spanish workers say that a salary increase would be the best thing that 2019 could bring, according to 1,000 surveys carried out on Spanish workers by Adecco. The facilities to reconcile are the second desire more indicated by them. In third and fourth place, active professionals demand training and promotion. Consulted by the worst gift they could have this year, Spanish workers are clear: a drop in wages, according to 62.8%. To a lesser extent, the modification of the work shift (14.1%), a change of location or transfer (10.7%), the reduction or elimination of salaries in kind (7.1%), and a change in position or assigned tasks (5.3%). Only 34.2% if you think your salary will be increased this year.