Eric Schmidt, former CEO of Google, recently answered questions from reporters about whether a possible fractured internet. According to Smith in 10 years, the Internet could be divided into two: a network with a preponderance of the United States and another dominated by China. But there are indications that Russia also wants to point to the phenomenon of Internet fragmentation.
Before April 1 in Russia, a kind of simulation of cyberwar and Internet access will be cut during a day. The stated objective is to see if everything is going well so that in case of external attack a sort of Russian intranet, Runet, will be operative. An intranet that has a long history. Well, at first some of the most authoritarian sectors of the country projected it in a similar way to the intranet that exists in North Korea, which is completely disconnected from the outside.
In case of external attack the Russian Government can enable a Russian intranet
The official argument for making this disconnection during a day is, of course, security. In the face of the alleged attacks that come from Russia, The United States has dubiously dropped the possibility of launching its own cyberattacks on Russia. But almost nobody discovers that the Internet is perceived as a threat, or even as a tool of war, by the Government of Vladimir Putin.
The Russian medium RBC reports that those responsible for carrying out the disconnection, the so-called Working Group on Information Security (in which several telecommunications operators are integrated), has stated that there are technical doubts about the possibility of directing traffic to a government service. This would be responsible for controlling traffic. That way, if it were the case, it could even cut off access to certain websites or internet services. Something that telecommunications operators are currently doing.
There are technical doubts about the possibility of directing network traffic to a government service
To get an idea of what this entails, imagine that a website is prohibited in Spain, as happened with Pirate Bay, but instead of the telecommunications operator being in charge of restricting access through a court order, it would do so the Police or another governmental entity. This is more or less what happens already in China, where thousands of police watch the internet and close or open at their leisure the access to the network.
It is true that to this day the coincidences between Russia and China in terms of censorship are abysmal. Google, Twitter or Facebook for example operate in Russia, and it is possible from that country to access the vast majority of international information websites. Which does not happen in China. But it is also true that tools such as Telegram, whose creator is a clear opponent of Putin's government, were censored in Russia.
The Government of Russia has considered that in 2020 the vast majority of traffic comes from servers located in the country itself
The Government of Russia has considered that in 2020 the vast majority of traffic comes from servers located in the country itself. In fact, it has already begun to create a copy of the country's DNS records, which are the cornerstones that drive the traffic of a country.
Something that from the technical point of view is not simple and, what is more important: an operation of isolation of the network controlled by the Government of Russia is very expensive. Keep in mind that China despite having a controlled internet has a powerful network of services of all kinds on the Internet, highly developed and profitable: from messaging systems to e-commerce websites or own social networks.
Although there are Internet services in Russia that could guarantee some independence from abroad, they are not as developed as in China and do not have the same size. So a completely Russian Internet would have significant shortcomings. It is not unreasonable to think that something like this can be a blow to the local economy and the development of the country.
Although there are Internet services in Russia that could guarantee some independence from abroad, they are not as developed as in China