The Minister for Ecological Transition, Teresa Ribera, will take to the Council of Ministers on the 22nd the draft of the Integrated National Plan for Energy and Climate, in which define the roadmap of the energy transition, and that will be sent to Brussels two months late.
In his speech at the opening of the 16th Meeting of the Energy Sector organized by IESE and Deloitte, Ribera has shelled, for the first time, what will be the main lines of this plan towards the decarbonisation of the economy, confirming that the park of nuclear power plants will be closed "between 2025 and 2035» in an "orderly" manner.
The minister stressed that a coal closure will start in 2020, that throughout this decade the energy mix will be definitively released, so that, beginning in the second half of the decade, this "orderly shutdown" of nuclear power plants will begin, which will be carried out with "all guarantees".
Ribera indicated that the government "does not dictate anything" to the companies that own these nuclear plants, in reference to what the order of closure of the existing plants should be, how much they can "set the framework", he said, although he stressed that guarantee security of supply, waste and financial security to address this closure.
What he did notice is that does not want this process of closing the nuclear to become a new Garoña, with the confrontation between the owners of the plant for its closure. "It is the anti-example," he said, adding that he considers "that it is good to have foresight and clarity," reported Ep.
With regard to natural gas, it considered that "new investments in this sector should be" carefully watched ", since stabilization is expected throughout the energy transition in its consumption, while in the case of oil for Energetic uses predicted that it will suffer "a fall" throughout the 2030s. «The goal is to reach a 2050 in which the whole system is zero emissions», he added.
The Minister for the Ecological Transition indicated that renewable energies and energy efficiency, together with electrification, will be the engines for that transition towards 2030, with a mobilization in investments of more than 200,000 million euros.
Of this amount in investments, around 40-45% will focus on renewables, 30-35% in energy efficiency, 15% will be associated with networks and another 4% in electrification for end uses, Ribera said.
The minister indicated that the plan estimates that, in the horizon of 2030, renewables represent more than 70% of electricity generation, with the aim of reaching 100% in 2050, and with a presence in final consumption above 40% at the end of the next decade.
Regarding savings, he said that the effect of energy efficiency can lead to savings of more than 70,000 million euros in imports in the decade, with an increase of 1.9% in GDP and employment estimates « very positive ».