Radiography in times of crisis

The state of the na debate

as Prime Minister.

Sánchez faces his first debate in the nation, after seven years without being held, with inflation skyrocketing and the government partners facing each other

Loreto Gutierrez

The last time the debate on the state of the nation was held, in February 2015, the Prime Minister was Mariano Rajoy, Pedro Sánchez led the opposition and neither Podemos nor Ciudadanos had yet reached Congress. If we pay attention to the calendar, seven years have passed, but if we look at everything that has changed and the events that have happened since then, it seems that several lives have passed.

The Spain of today
recovering from a global pandemic and under the effects of a war that is entrenched at the gates of Europe, has little to do with that of then. The x-ray of the current situation in the country through different perspectives on the same changing reality will be defined from tomorrow until Thursday in the first debate on the state of the nation of the Sánchez era.

CC hopes to assert the weight of its two seats to start Pedro Sánchez with "clear commitments" with the Canary Islands

A call scheduled under the guise of the successful organization of the summit of the
NATO held in Madrid and of the good international image that Spain offered, but that along the way has encountered a new disagreement between PSOE and United We Can due to the increase in defense spending, which has forced the meeting of the monitoring table of the pact, still without a date .

To silence the rumble of a breakup of the Government followed by a possible electoral advance, Pedro Sánchez will go up to the speaker's rostrum tomorrow to vindicate the usefulness of the coalition despite the differences, determined to defend his management of two and a half years plagued by adversities and to assert the measures adopted to protect citizens from the consequences of the economic crisis.

They're not going to make it easy for you. His traditional partners in the investiture bloc are beginning to show signs of distance - they have already left him alone on more than one occasion - and are going to maintain a very critical tone regarding issues such as the change of position on Western Sahara and the new stage of relations with Morocco or the cases of espionage with the Pegasus program.

They will also coincide in demanding more far-reaching social and economic measures to deal with rampant inflation and a sharp turn to the left that counteracts the thrust of the right and the extreme right materialized in the Andalusian elections.

And if that is among his partners, Sánchez will face an opposition with a sharp fang, increased by favorable polls for the PP under the leadership of Núñez Feijóo -who will be present in the chamber although without the possibility of intervening because he is not a deputy-, and ready to throw the Government's management to the ground without concessions.

canary singularity

In the three intense days of the debate that opens tomorrow, the Canary Islands will have a portion of their own space, either through direct debate with the president, as in the case of the CC, or through the resolution proposals presented by the different parliamentary groups.

"It is the most important debate after the investiture debate and it has not been held for seven years," recalls the deputy of the CC for Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Ana Oramas, "in Canarian key it is essential to verify the degree of commitment on the issues that remain pending and what we have to achieve before the end of the term”, he adds.

The two seats that CC now has after the transfer of the one occupied by Pedro Quevedo (NC) to number two on the list with which the two parties went to the polls, María Fernández -who will take office at the beginning of the plenary session-, the formation nationalist regains pressure capacity and aspires to be decisive.

"The Government is losing clear support and the two CC votes now have more political weight," says Oramas, "we have been preparing the debate as a team for several weeks and we are not going to allow the Canary Islands to not have the measures that they need for the difficult times ahead." needs to get out of the crisis on equal terms with the rest of the State”, he adds.

Ana Oramas (CC) is the only Canarian deputy who will debate directly with the Prime Minister.

It is up to the CC to present three resolution proposals from the quota of fifteen that the mixed parliamentary group has, in which the nationalist formation is going to try to condense the main issues that affect the interests of the islands.

“What worries us most is that the measures that the state government is adopting to get out of the crisis are taken from the perspective of peninsular Spain. and they do not take into account the singularity of the islands", emphasizes Oramas, "they are absolutely insufficient measures, as evidenced by the fact that we have the most expensive fuel in Spain and the most expensive shopping basket in Spain. We need a clear commitment from the Government with the Canary Islands," he adds.

The positions that are marked in the debate on the state of the nation -in which Oramas is going to debate with Sánchez while Fernández will defend the resolution proposals- represent a preview of the negotiation of the 2023 Budgets that will come after the summer.

Three days intense debate

Each parliamentary group will have 30 minutes -and fifteen more in the reply- to respond to the intervention of the President of the Government, who will open the debate tomorrow at 12:00 with no time limit. When Sánchez finishes, the session will be suspended until the afternoon, with the intervention of the groups from highest to lowest.

Without face to face with the leader of the opposition

The president of the PP, Alberto Núñez Feijóo, will attend the debate but will not be able to measure himself against the president because he does not have the status of deputy. The position of the party will be defended by Cuca Gamarra.

15 are the resolution proposals that each one can presentof the parliamentary groups for debate and vote on the last day of the debate. They are not binding.

The Canarian Coalition is responsible for three initiatives

The nationalist formation, now with two seats, is the only one that is going to present proposals with specifically Canarian content.

The REF, Morocco and the economy focus the Canarian resolutions

Compliance with the REF, especially with regard to the obligation to give differentiated treatment to the islands adjusted to their uniqueness, relations with Rabat and the negotiations to delimit the median between the islands and the Moroccan coast, together with specific measures of economic nature to overcome the crisis dominate most of the resolution proposals with Canarian content that the parliamentary groups are going to present.

In defense of the Economic and Fiscal Regime, the CC and PP initiatives coincide. While the nationalists are going to denounce the "regression" in the interpretation that the Ministry of Finance makes of fundamental tools and ask that the violations of the island's jurisdiction be corrected, the PP demands concrete measures to activate the Canarian tourism sector and that it exempt the islands of the European levy on kerosene to meet mobility needs. The deputy of the Canarian PP Ana Zurita anticipates that her party is going to present proposals territorialized by blocks of subjects, in which there will also be room for the request for a specific program of access to efficient housing rehabilitation so that vulnerable people can lower the price of the receipt electricity, and a housing plan to facilitate the emancipation of young people.

The new stage of relations with Morocco initiated as a result of Sánchez's turn in the Western Sahara conflict and the participation of the Canary Islands in the working group for the delimitation of the maritime spaces of the Atlantic façade have a prominent presence in the resolution proposals of CC, which denounces the “humiliation” of the Canarian Government by the State by inviting it only to the internal preparatory meeting and not to the first negotiating meeting with the Moroccan representatives.

The demand for a statute of full autonomy for Canarian waters, in line with the non-law proposal that awaits processing in Congress, is part of the claims of the non-attached deputy of the mixed group, Meri Pita. The draft resolution that he has prepared also demands that the authorization for the entry of gas into the islands be annulled and asks that the treatment of immigrants adhere to the human rights charter so as not to turn the Canary Islands "into a prison or a wall ». But Pita has not yet reached an agreement to be able to present her resolution, because the other parties in the mixed group do not leave room for those not attached.

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