The emergence of new electronic surveillance systems is revolutionizing the global penitentiary model and, of course, Spanish. At this time, there is a broad consensus in the International Community on the benefits of monitoring persons deprived of liberty. Experts in the field defend their benefits not only for contributing to the resocialization of the convicted, but for representing an obvious cost savings by significantly reducing the population in prison.
In this new scenario, Penitentiary Institutions considers surveillance, rather than seclusion, the axis of the Spanish criminal system. So admit it the general director of Criminal Enforcement and Social Reinsertion, Javier Nistal, in a document entitled “New technologies in the prison environment”.
Moreover, it is openly committed to the generalization in the immediate future of the remote control of certain cases, especially in short sentences deprived of liberty, in some security measures, in preventive detention and in the suspension of the sentence. This remote control will allow to find, in his opinion, an effective solution “to the desocializing consequences of the world in prison”, while at the same time it will mean a significant decrease in the prison bill.
In fact, the telematic control in Spain of the 9,571 preventive inmates would represent a savings for the taxpayer's pocket exceeding 227 million euros per year.
The extended budget of Penitentiary Institutions It rises to 1,196 million euros for 2019. Therefore, if the potential of the electronic surveillance system of the Spanish inmate population (radio frequency control, GPS, devices for remote monitoring of breath alcohol or drug use) is developed. .) the budget of the General Secretariat of Penitentiary Institutions It would be drastically reduced by almost 20%.
150 punished for gender violence in the second degree leave permission to the street with telematic bracelets
At the moment, of a total inmate population of 58,961 people, there are 2,251 inmates with telematic controls of first and second generation by GPS. In addition, a second-generation GPS wristband is installed when 165 people detained in second grade leave leave (classification that affects prisoners with normalized behavior, but without the ability to live in a semi-freedom regime). Of these 165 who go out with bracelets, 150 serve a sentence for gender-based violence.
The use of this remote control technology in these more than 2,000 inmates represents a daily saving of 157,040 euros; a month, almost 5 million and a year, more than 57 million euros. Surveillance of these people outside the prison costs 19,227 euros per day, 576,837 per month, and 6 million per year. Therefore, the figures speak for themselves with a net decrease in spending exceeding 50 million euros, according to the calculations of the own Ministry of Interior.
But remote surveillance is not the only technology available Prisons. From the moment you enter a prison until you leave it, technological advances at the service of the establishment's security and the reintegration of prisoners are more than evident.
If you approach any Spanish penitentiary center, you will observe the perimeter detection systems, which allow warning of unauthorized intrusion in the confines of the confinement zone and, therefore, minimize the risks of leakage.
Daily, the transfer of people entering and leaving Spanish prisons is intense. Hundreds of volunteers, officials, lawyers, family members and members of State security forces and corps constantly roam inside and outside. To them we must add the hundreds of inmates that pass through their doors in both directions of permission, transfer or new income. To prevent phishing, Prisons It has biometric systems, which verify the identity of the individual by footprint.
Once inside, the video surveillance cameras are strategically placed. Recorded images can be viewed on a central monitor or via the Internet, if they are IP devices. Video surveillance is implemented in all prisons. However, the capture and storage of images is still pending regulation.
Although the use of the internet is forbidden to criminals, the network is used for the training of inmates. More than a thousand inmates study in the 31 computer rooms UNED by Alf platform, installed in 25 prisons. However, this virtual training activity on the Alf platform for security reasons has limited some of its functions, such as forums, chats, mail and web.
In addition, the relative of an inmate with a single click can also request from home the previous appointment with him. From the beginning of the year until last September, a total of 872,973 visits per call center have been assigned.
Prisons It is a leading and pioneer institution in applying technology aimed at redoubling security at the lowest possible cost, as in the case of telemedicine with 1,109 virtual consultations in eight prisons in 2018.
Telemedicine prevents prisoners from leaving to go to the hospital, which, in addition to reducing the costs associated with sanitary exits, puts an end to the safety problems associated with such displacements.
Penitentiary Institutions also makes the technology available to family members to facilitate communications with the inmate. Thus, family members who, due to exceptional circumstances, cannot go to the prison, can hold a videoconference with the inmate. In fact, from January to September, Prisons has authorized twelve videoconferences between inmates and their families.
The new technologies contribute decisively to guarantee the security of the penitentiary establishments, but they can also be a black point in it. Therefore, the use of certain technologies, as well as electronic devices, is prohibited in Spanish prisons. These are the ones that are prohibited:
1.- Inmates cannot use the internet to maintain the security of the center and to prevent them from continuing at a distance with their illegal activities (drug trafficking, money laundering …).
2.- They cannot have compact discs, DVDs or cassette tapes, which could be used to avoid the legal intervention of communications.
3.- Personal computers, printers and computer equipment are not allowed.
4.- Any type of device that can facilitate connections to communication networks (modem, cards …) is prohibited.
5.- Cell phones, cameras and devices with GPS are prohibited.
. (tagsToTranslate) Digital Economy