October 21, 2020

Poverty and violence motivated Salvadoran caravan, according to IOM study

Poverty and violence motivated Salvadoran caravan, according to IOM study

The search for "better living conditions" and violence were the main reasons why some 1,700 Salvadorans left in a caravan to the United States. on October 31, reported today the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

"In most cases, they refer to two different causes as factors that drove the decision to mobilize, and in many cases up to three," said IOM chief in the Northern Triangle of Central America, Jorge Peraza.

The survey carried out by the UN agency shows that 79.8 percent of these people migrated "seeking better living conditions, while 45.7 percent said another reason was insecurity or violence.

IOM added that only 2.9 percent of migrants "mentioned reasons for family reunification" with relatives living in the United States.

"The study also determined that 83 percent of this caravan, of approximately 1,700 people, were adults between 18 and 50 years old, and that 12 percent were children and adolescents," said the entity.

He added that 80 percent of the migrants were men, 20 percent were women, and that 8 percent "identified themselves as members of the LGBTI community."

The IOM said that among the "detected humanitarian needs" are the lack of medicines, given that 11 percent of migrants need "some type of medicine" and 8.8 percent said they "had a chronic or serious illness "

"This information has been made available to the different government entities and civil society to facilitate the elaboration of action plans that offer comprehensive responses to the migrants that make up these flows," the source said.

He explained that 286 people were surveyed for the study and that the methodology of the Human Mobility Monitoring Matrix was used, which IOM "has applied around the world in various migratory crises."

According to data from the Foreign Ministry, said caravan was formed by 1,778 migrants, of whom 268 desisted to continue the march and continued 1,510.

The first caravan of Salvadorans headed to the United States left on October 28, of which some 500 migrants arrived in Mexico and requested asylum, according to the Deputy Minister for Salvadorans Abroad, Liduvina Magarín.


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