The secretary general of the Union of Iberoamerican Capital Cities (UCCI), the Spanish Rita Maestre, told Efe on Saturday that pollution and inequality are two of the main challenges for the cities of the world.
This was also said by the councilor of the City of Madrid in the framework of the United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) meeting that began today in Montevideo and that aims to discuss sustainable development, gender equality and the role of cities in migrations among other things.
"We come together to share the problems of cities and find common solutions." It seems difficult to imagine, but cities in Latin America are basically facing the same kind of problems: inequality, pollution, the problem of gentrification and the problem of inequality. of gender and sexist violence, "explained Maestre.
In this sense, he argued that these problems are experienced "from Bogotá to Lisbon, passing through Madrid, Montevideo or La Paz" and what is done from the UCCI is to try to evaluate the difficulties and find "joint and similar solutions".
"In the conversation with other cities you learn, you learn proposals, public policies and that is what we are doing," he said.
For the councilor, the main problem in the Spanish capital - and in the world - is inequality since wealth "is distributed in a very unequal way".
"There is also a very serious problem that is climate change, which is pollution that we have the immediate challenge of modifying the forms of production and reproduction because if not in a few years we will have a planet that is no longer enough to continue living in it. "he said.
During the meetings that will be held in Montevideo, what will be discussed is "going down to concrete reality" the great objectives that everyone shares and assessing how cities can commit themselves to generate changes.
"The most important thing is to understand that international coordination is very important and has to materialize in real public policies," he said.
Meanwhile, the director of the Division of International Relations and Cooperation of the Municipality of Montevideo, Nelson Fernandez, told Efe that during the conference in the Uruguayan capital, it is expected to "put on the table" the different topics for citizens to live best.
In this sense, he explained that this is the "summit of world municipalism", since it has meetings of the UCLG, the Metropolis, the UCCI, Mecrocities and the Euro-Latin American Alliance of Cooperation between Cities.
This meeting will be held between today and tomorrow and there are authorities from Africa, Asia Pacific, Europe, the Middle East, Western Asia, Latin America and North America.
The central event is the Executive Bureau, composed of 116 members, which is held twice a year and is responsible for formulating proposals to be implemented on a global scale.
"For the first time in history all these meetings are done together on one side and on the same date," Fernandez said.
The fundamental thing with these days, explained the director, is that speeches are avoided and "action is taken" with concrete measures.
For his part, the mayor of Montevideo, Daniel Martínez, said in his opening speech that cities "are called" to have a role "increasingly prominent in global governance."
"The important thing is the commitment to join efforts between cities to get to exchange experiences, strengthening," he concluded.