The pact between parties so that Philosophy once again compulsorily taught during three courses in the institutes has opened the debate about what reforms the academic program needs in that educational stage.
The Minister of Education, Isabel Celaá, confirmed yesterday that the Government will include in the reform of the LOMCE (Organic Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality) the mandatory nature of Philosophy and Ethics, a measure that in the coming months will present to the Council of Ministers for approval and subsequent parliamentary procedure. "We believe that, with this, we help students who grow up immersed in a world full of information, in a hyperconnected society, to develop a critical thinking that allows them to distinguish the important from the accessory and the foundations of the world in which we live" , assured Celaá after the groups of the PSOE, We can, PP Y Citizens they will approve a proposal not of law so that Historia de la Filosofía will become a backbone in 2nd year of high school and Ethics, in 4th year of secondary school.
According to sources from the ministry to EL PAÍS, the transformation of the academic program is another priority. "We think that the Spanish curriculum is overloaded and it is excessive, so we have to think about it in a more modern way and in that context we are working, it is about changing the law and then updating the curriculum", they indicated.
For its part, the PP Education spokesperson in the Congress, Sandra Moneo, explained that her party will make an effort to reach a consensus on education, but that it will not admit "patches", but a reform of the LOMCE based on the recommendations of an external committee. "We are going to propose a meeting with the real academies so that the experts in each area analyze the current curricula and elaborate a proposal with the knowledge that a student must have at the end of compulsory education," he said.
Moneo said that they will not renounce to demand evaluations by the State, at least one during high school or the baccalaureate, to certify the level of knowledge of the students. Another point that will defend the popular will be the creation of a new subject of History of Religions to offer it as an alternative to students who do not wish to study Religion. "Ethics has been offered for years as the alternative and that does not make sense: it must be mandatory for all students," he argued.
It was precisely the approval of the LOMCE in 2013, better known as Wert law, Which kept the subject of Philosophy as compulsory in 1st year of high school, and eliminated History of the Philosophy of the 2nd year of the baccalaureate and Ethics of 4th of the ESO to turn them into electives. Currently, Ethics is an elective with hardly any teaching load and alternative to Religion in 4th grade of secondary school. For many, a bone compared to this last subject, considered a maria that is approved without difficulty. In Madrid, in fact, enrollments in Religion skyrocketed by 150% with the change of curriculum.
Javier Sánchez, spokesman for Education of Podemos in the Congress, moved that besides "thinning" the contents of the academic curriculum, it will be necessary to reform the methodologies and pedagogies that are used in the classroom because "the way of learning has changed". Another of his proposals will be to transfer the subject of Religion to the extracurricular schedule. "The Concordat establishes the teaching of Religion in educational centers, but it can not be deduced that it has to be during school hours." Our proposal is that it be moved to after-school hours until the agreement with the Vatican is repealed or reformed. "
The reaction of the parties comes after social and professional groups such as the Spanish Philosophy Network (REF), which brings together 56 associations of philosophers throughout Spain, have been mobilized since the enactment of the LOMCE in 2013 against the suppression of that matter. During these six years they have organized Olympiads, congresses and debates to draw attention to the need for philosophy in the democratic articulation of society.
"It is not up to us to do the job to the Government to square the academic program and see what subjects to eliminate to introduce the new ones," argued Marta Martín, spokesperson for Citizens Education. One of the main proposals of his party will be the defense of trilingualism in the public system, "not by imposition, but by the choice of families." On the subject of Religion, your party will bet on the elimination of it and its replacement by another subject of History of Religions. "Our State is non-denominational and we have to address that reform," he said.