High levels of pessimism about the economy and disapproval of the Government and President Carlos Alvarado have seized Costa Ricans during 2019, a year of strong changes in fiscal policy and numerous union protests.
This is detailed by the "Sociopolitical Opinion Study" of August 2019, prepared by the Center for Research and Political Studies (CIEP) of the state University of Costa Rica, published on Wednesday.
"The generalized pessimism of the population is the rule in these times. This situation can have great repercussions in the near future and constitutes a threat to the social peace and political stability of the country," says the report.
1. Bad note to President Alvarado and the Government
The survey indicates that in August 2019 the disapproval of the work of President Alvarado after 15 months in office, reached 65%, while in August 2018 the figure was 36%.
Support for the president also fell sharply from 35% to 21% between those months.
The discontent towards the government in general grew from 47% in August 2018 to 62% in August 2019, while favorable opinions fell from 23% to 19%.
2019 has been a convulsive year in Costa Rica, characterized by numerous protests and union strikes against a controversial fiscal reform approved by Congress last December and that has been gradually implemented in recent months.
To this is added an economic slowdown and the growth of unemployment that stands at 11.9%, which has also generated criticism of the Government from the business sector, which requires economic recovery plans.
When asked about the direction of the country, 68% said in the survey that the country is going through the wrong one, and only 13% considered that it is on the right track.
2. Pessimism with the economy
Economic pessimism increased to 79% of opinions in August 2019, which represents the most negative record since April 2013.
"It is clear that the main source of citizen unrest has its origin in the precarious economic situation of the country," the report adds.
Interviewees pointed out that unemployment is the country's main problem with 34% of opinions, followed by the cost of living (18%), poor government management (11%) and corruption (8%), among others.
The study was prepared with a survey applied between August 26 and 29 to 983 people through calls to cell phones, with a 95% confidence level and a margin of error of 3.1 percentage points.
(tagsToTranslate) pessimism (t) economy (t) Government (t) seizes (t) Costa Ricans