Peru can be a key country on a global scale in terms of climate change if it manages to stop the deforestation that affects annually around 165,000 hectares of forest, said today in Lima the Spanish expert in environmental economics Xavier Labandeira.
"One of the ways to stop climate change is to have the natural capture capabilities of greenhouse gases that the planet has, such as forests, if Peru manages to stop deforestation, it can be a key global country instead climatic, "explained Labandeira.
The expert, professor at the University of Vigo (Spain) and part of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, expressed himself during the participation in the forum "Challenges and vulnerabilities of Peru to the effects of climate change".
There, Labandeira recalled that, although Peru is not among the countries that pollute the most, list that 2016 led China, the United States, Russia, India and Japan, its control of emissions of greenhouse gases is still qualified as " insufficient "in a report by the independent organization Climate Action Tracker (2017).
If this trend continues, Peru would be contributing to global warming at a rate well above the 1.5 degree centigrade range proposed by the Paris Agreement, which would have irreversible consequences for various habitats and for people.
"A difference of only half a degree of temperature has serious consequences, where the most affected are the most economically vulnerable," he added.
In that sense, he pointed out that although the richest are those that produce the highest CO2 emissions in the world, they are also those that least affected or exposed to the serious consequences of global warming, such as droughts, floods, melting glaciers, among others.
Therefore, he proposed that the economy shoulder the challenge of applying corrective and proactive policies in the face of this serious problem, taking into account the three key actors: governments, companies and citizens.
Labandeira told Efe that one of the measures that should be adopted in the coming years is "to measure economically the damage caused by climate change and to put a price on the CO2 emissions required by the production of the products".
"We should put a value to the Amazon, to the forests, in order to be able to conserve them," said Labandeira, before pointing out that this is the only way to ensure that industrial countries invest more in clean technologies that can then be exported "at social prices" to The developing countries.
Along these lines, he noted that environment experts have great expectations for the next United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which will hold its XXIV Conference of the Parties (COP) between December 3 and 14. in the city of Katowice, in Poland.
At COP24, the world's largest initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and curb global warming, "the Paris Agreement Rules Book is planned to take place", so that the Paris Agreement, whose guidelines should enter into practice in 2020.