Only 4% of the 900,000 tons of plastic discarded in Peru are recycled to produce new containers, a circular economy that the Ministry of Environment wants to boost in this year 2020, as announced by its minister, Fabiola Muñoz, on Thursday.
During a meeting with the Foreign Press Association in Peru (APEP), Muñoz said that most of the plastic used in the country is still going to landfills and landfills.
For now, there are around 49,000 tons of plastic per year that are recycled by a single company in the country that has the capacity to process this material so that it can be used to re-manufacture new containers.
The minister expressed the need for greater investment and competition in this sector in order to increase the amount of recycled plastic.
Muñoz said that there are more and more companies that produce drinks, shampoos or cosmetics in plastic containers that are interested in making these items contain a higher percentage of recycled plastic.
However, the holder of the portfolio of the Environment noted as obstacles to increase the amount of recycled plastic the informality of street recyclers, who can not sell to this company that processes the used plastic because they can not issue invoices.
Therefore, the vast majority of used plastic bottles and containers go to the black market where they are reused, although recyclers get less profit there than if they were sold to the processing company.
In that sense, the Deputy Minister of Environmental Management, Lies Linares, highlighted the implementation of clean production agreements (APL) with manufacturers of plastic products and packaging such as the Peruvian Pamolsa, which promised that its production will have 40% of recycled PET plastic.
THOUSAND MILLION LESS BAGS
Likewise, Minister Muñoz pointed out that in the last half year Peru stopped using one billion plastic bags thanks to the law developed to reduce single-use plastic, which also led to saving the use of 800 tons of technopor ( expanded polystyrene), widely used in the country for food containers in step.
“This is what we have stopped using and I think that this is good news for the country and for the world,” said Muñoz, promoter of campaigns against the decrease in the use of plastic since his previous visit to the Ministry of Environment.
However, he considered that “the most important thing is that citizens are getting involved in this change” and gave as an example that most of the restaurants in the country have stopped serving plastic sorbets for others made of paper or metal, although he regretted that in Cinemas keep doing it.
TO THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY
“I think we have opportunities for improvement, and that is the challenge that citizens have to achieve in everything we do. Consumers are powerful and we have not realized, but we are the ones who set the trend,” said Muñoz.
“The biggest challenge is that we don’t do it only with plastic, but that all citizens segregate waste from home and reduce the amount of waste,” he added.
For this, he anticipated that the Ministry of Environment is working to develop a legislative proposal of circular economy, “which is the big issue, because it not only involves plastic, but also implies that the ingredients we use have not affected the environment and that the waste that we generate don’t do it either. “