In Spain a total of 12,338,187 people were in 2017 at risk of poverty or social exclusion (26.6%), which represents a decrease of 1.3 points compared to 2016, although those that were worsened their living conditions and they are even poorer.
This is reflected in the eighth report of the European Network for the Fight against Poverty (EAPN), which shows that for the second consecutive year the risk among women increases to reach 22.2%, the highest value since 2008 and there are already 2.27 million impoverished women, 470,000 more than men.
The study "The State of Poverty, Monitoring the Indicator of Poverty and Social Exclusion in Spain 2008-2017", presented today in the Senate, makes an X-ray of the situation in Spain with official data on the impact of poverty with the Arope indicator , which is the benchmark in the EU.
Stresses that approximately 600,000 fewer people are at risk of poverty or exclusion compared to 2016 and a total of 6.4 million women and 5.9 million men, who meet at least one of the three requirements: have incomes below 684 euros, suffer severe material shortage and low intensity of employment (a job of less than two hours). Young people between 16 and 29 years old is the most affected age group, followed by those under 16 years of age.
According to the figures, 14.1% of employed persons are at risk of poverty, which confirms that "having a job does not guarantee getting out of poverty", while this rate among retirees stands at 13.1%.
In this sense, the study indicates that 29.6% of pensions distributed in Spain are below the poverty line, which means that they are less than 609 euros per month and ensures that 15% of pensioners are about to fall into poverty when it is in the section immediately above the threshold limit.
81% of impoverished people are Spanish (81%), 61% are adults, 56% have a middle education, 13.8%, higher education and 33% have a job, according to the report, presented in the framework of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, which will be commemorated tomorrow.
In terms of the rate of people in severe poverty is the second highest recorded since 2008, in fact it is 6.9% of the population, a figure "consistent" with the increase recorded in the poverty gap that has been up to 32.4%.
Thus, according to the report, there are fewer people at risk of poverty "but those who are have worsened their living conditions", something that for the EAPN is "worrisome". Both the indicator of severe poverty and the poverty gap show that the population at risk of poverty is "much more impoverished" than in previous years.
By gender, severe poverty reaches 6.7% of men and 7.1% of women. Further, 1.7% of the population (791,726 people) is in the "worst possible economic and social situation" to suffer the three indicators of the Arope.
The study states that having children increases the risk of poverty and exclusion, shows that one in two people living in single-parent homes is in this situation and notes that one in three children under 16 years of age are at risk.
Also, the data show the "territorial inequality", in fact, the regions with the highest Arope rate (with the highest risk of poverty and exclusion) are those located in the center of the country down, while the lowest are in the north .
The author of the report, the sociologist Juan Carlos Llano, has stated that between Extremadura, the community with the highest rate, and Navarre, the lowest, there is a difference of 30.8 percentage points.
After Extremadura, the Canary Islands, Andalusia and Ceuta are located by the tail, while after Navarra, the communities with the lowest Arope rates are La Rioja, the Basque Country and Aragon. EFE