The time has come to undo any misunderstanding about the lexicon of Christmas lottery, whose draw is held this Saturday from 9.00. If you have questions, ask this dictionary.
administration. Establishments that distribute luck without knowing very well how.
wires Rods in which the children of San Ildefonso place the balls, once their numbers are sung. Each double rod is a "wire", and these are articulated in a table that will then serve to transport them. On one of the two rods the ball of the number is inserted; and about his partner, the prize ball. Each wire houses 40 balls. As in a table, 10 wires fit, in each table we will have 400 balls. To insert them into the rods, they have a small hole that allows them to be placed as if they were pinchos morunos.
approximations The touch gives prize. Minor rewards get the numbers before and after the Fat, to the second prize and the third, among others, of lower amount. On the other hand, rubbing does not take anything away.
ticket. Here the trouble starts. A ticket is not a tenth, against what common sense seems to indicate (because the tenth resembles a money bill). A lottery ticket costs 200 euros, and is composed of 10 tenths (at 20 euros each), which in turn have the same number that is played, but different number of tenth, but the same number of series each. It's not that difficult, come on.
balls. The supports of numbers and prizes. They weigh 3 grams, their diameter measures 18.8 millimeters and are made of boxwood. The numbers are laser engraved, once it was done with fire; while in our memory they fade easily. In the case of prizes, letters are added (for example, the ball of Gordo has the inscription 4 mills). Before the draw starts (and nobody bothers about it), the spectators can touch the balls. They are not taken into account because we are at Christmas.
drums The two receptacles that contain prizes and numbers, formed by a glass that surrounds a grid. The number one receives 100,000 balls, and 1,807 the other. That disproportion is called luck.
claveros Ancient word that survives in a Spanish surname (a minister of the Transition was called like that, Manuel Clavero) and also in the lottery lexicon. They are the ones with the key (or key). This is what is called in some military orders the knights who were entrusted with the custody and defense of a castle. Claveros are called here to those who seal the drawing room in the previous night. Only they have the key to open it on Saturday the 22nd. "Clavero" and "llavero" start from the same root (clavis In latin). The first of these words refers to people; and the second, to that object that we all lose sometime in life.
Cup. The balls fall from the drums by two ducts and end in two glass containers, or glasses, from which they are distractedly taken by the hands of the children of San Ildefonso who are in the use of the word (better said: in the song of the word). That's the cups during the draw. After the draw, the cups change their meaning and content.
tenth. It costs 20 euros and is one tenth of a ticket. Who owns it is entitled to a tenth of the prize that is sung. Unlike what happens in sports competitions, here the tenth can be the winner.
Fat. The jackpot: 4 million euros per series. In the lottery movie, The skinny lose visibility
fraction. The same as tenth.
liras. Device similar to a harp or lyre, thanks to the rods where numbers and prizes are stored. The raffle has 200 liras, each with a capacity for 500 balls. These are shown in this support to the people who are present at the draw, and before it begins, at a moment that sooner or later someone with little grace will call "very lyrical". (Wow, it was earlier than later).
lottery. Word from French (lottery), already collected in Spanish dictionaries of the XVIII. Previously it was said "raffle".
very distributed. The most present phrase in the lottery chronicles. For envy of the bullfighting world, here God always deals a lot with luck.
children of San Ildefonso. Those that since the 18th century activate the mechanisms so that the balls come out and sing numbers and prizes. They all study at the public school in Madrid that carries that holy name. Founded in the 15th century, it has always had as mission to welcome orphans or disadvantaged people. In 1984, girls were incorporated into the school and the draw.
number. Each number has 1,700 tenths. Surprising, right? That happens because the same number consists of 170 tickets, and each ticket has 10 parts. Each of these 170 tickets carries a number of series different. Thus, the Gordo provides 4 million euros per ticket. That is, 400,000 for each of the 1,700 graceful tenths. If you read slowly it is better understood.
umbrella. It is the device from which the liras and from which the balls are overturned to the hoppers so that from there they go to the drums It is full of rods; and that's why his name. Paradoxically, from this umbrella comes a rain of millions.
participations. Bars, shops, recreational and charitable groups, schools and other entities resell the tenths in smaller fractions, and add a commission as a donation. There have been cases in which the value of what was sold in participations exceeded that of the tenths that backed them. If in that case a prize is played, someone can go to jail. It happened in 1986 in Palencia.
pedrea. Those 1,794 minor prizes that we heard in cantinela (those of 1,000 euros). The Dictionary marks this meaning as "colloquial", but these days appears in all language records, including the most circumspect.
awards. Those that derive from the 1,807 balls of the small hype. The tenths that go on sale total 3,400 million euros, of which only 2,380 million are distributed in prizes. So the real Gordo takes the State.
probability of reward. It is 5% per number played if all the direct prizes of the draw are considered. And of 0.00001% if it's about Gordo. All the rewards (prizes, stones, approximations and terminations) will be distributed among 15,304 numbers of the 100,000 that come into play. The holders of the rest will celebrate the day of health.
refund Curious the terminology of this draw, a competition in which not only the tenth wins but the last has a prize. They will be awarded with the amount played the 9,999 tenths whose final figure coincides with that of the Gordo. In other words, what is eaten is served here.
series. This term of the lottery is defined thus in the Dictionary: "Set of stamps, bills or other securities that are part of the same issue." For the Christmas raffle, 170 series go on sale. Each one consists of 100,000 tickets; that is, 100,000 numbers. And each ticket is divided into 10 tenths. Therefore, 170 million tenths are put on sale. If you do not win, consider that your luck is clearly that of an out of series.
Sort. Locality where the famous lottery administration is located The Bruixa d'Or. The fact that the name of the place means in Catalan "suerte" attracts a multitude of buyers. However, this population already existed before the arrival of the Romans, and therefore the place name can not be related to luck or the term sors-sortis Latin, but with a previous sense: "Small extension of land". This meaning remains in Catalan today (others from terra petit). And connects also with the meaning number 11 of "luck" in Castilian: "Part of land of labor, separated from another or others by its boundaries". But people link the name Sort more with the meaning of fortune. And that's a good thing for La Bruixa d'Or.
table. Wooden bowl with frame where the rods are fastened in which the balls are inserted in turn. Each table contains 200 numbers and 200 prizes. After the draw, a clean sweep is made and the following year is expected.
hopper. Although it may not seem like it, it comes from Latin tubula (trompetilla), from a certain similarity between both objects. Every hopper has the shape of a pyramid or cone inverted and open up and down, so that it falls little by little what is thrown a lot. In this case, the balls in the drums. And yes, it can evoke a rudimentary bugle, although put inside out. In the eighteenth century this term was applied to the container that hung over the wheel of the mill to throw the grain, "which goes down through a narrow hole, and falls on the wheel, where flour is made" (academic dictionary of 1780).
trumpet. Another term related to music (see liras Y hopper). It's about the glass tube through which the balls go down from the drum to the Cup, where the singing children take them. So much singing and so much trumpet achieve that for some lucky the draw sounds to celestial music.
Sources: ONLAE and Enclave RAE.