The Government of Paraguay considered today that a foreseeable condemnation to the State by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (CorteIDH) for a complaint of a 2002 case of torture to two political leaders in Brazil, would be a "legal barbarity", and opened the door to not comply with the sentence.
The Inter-American Court, which is part of the Organization of American States (OAS), will decide on February 7 if Paraguay must compensate Juan Arrom and Anuncio Martí, responsible for the political movement Patria Libre, who denounced the State for having suffered alleged torture in January. of that year.
Faced with the possibility of the state being condemned, Paraguayan deputy foreign minister, Bernardino Saguier, told Efe today that the country "is studying the situation very seriously," and that if such a ruling were made, it would be a "legal barbarity."
He argued that a "foreseeable" condemnation of Paraguay would present "two criminals as innocent" and that, in addition, "it will force the State to compensate them" for facts that, he said, are "false" and that "was demonstrated in the trial held in Paraguay ", where the case against Arrom and Martí is a" closed case ".
In that sense, Saguier did not confirm whether the South American country will comply with the ruling and said that "the decision will be known at the time," although he said that if it were not obeyed, "it would not be the first country to do so."
This Sunday, the Paraguayan Foreign Minister, Luis Alberto Castiglioni, accused the Inter-American Court through his Twitter account of "manifest partialism" in favor of Arrom and Martí, whom he defined as "criminal kidnappers and fugitives from justice who pretend to appropriate of the money of all the Paraguayans ".
Arrom and Martí were prosecuted by the Paraguayan Justice for their alleged involvement in the abduction of María Edith Bordón de Bernardi, wife of a businessman from the country and daughter-in-law of former Finance Minister Enzo Debernardi, who was freed in exchange for one million dollars.
The leaders argued that they were constantly interrogated about their political activities and that they were pressured to plead guilty to the kidnapping.
Before the trial, the two men disappeared and were released with signs of torture, in a case that led to the resignation of two ministers and three Paraguayan police chiefs, and then fled to Brazil, which in 2003 granted them refugee status. politicians.
Both requested the payment of a compensation of 63 million dollars for these events.
The IACHR concluded late last year that Paraguay is responsible for a violation of rights, because it violated the "principle of presumption of innocence of the victims by issuing state propaganda that qualified them as responsible for a kidnapping without a final conviction."
The OAS Human Rights Commission recommended that the country compensate them financially, but the Paraguayan authorities did not follow that recommendation, so the Commission referred the case to the jurisdiction of the HDI.
Last week, the Paraguayan Executive asked the Inter-American Court to recognize a greater number of witnesses at the hearing, since only the testimony of one of the requests by Paraguay has been accepted, while that of another 27 has been rejected.
In October, Paraguay announced that it will request Brazil to revoke the status of Arrom and Martí refugees.