Pablo Iglesias has defended regularly in recent years the application of "republican values" as a formula to address the two main problems addressed by Spanish society: the social crisis (inequality, precariousness, lack of life prospects) and the territorial conflict, which today has its greatest exponent in Catalonia. The general secretary of Podemos has done it again this Monday at the opening of the summer course of the Complutense University of Madrid Bases for a new republicanism that has been celebrated in El Escorial.
The leader of Podemos has dissociated those values from a specific republican moment. It is not about defending a flag, as the party exposes since its founding. But to defend some policies. "In Spain, talking about republicanism is about talking about hegemonic signifiers," Iglesias said. "Suffrage, development and progress, democratic regeneration, social justice, advances of women, although limited", has listed. To continue: "Education, pedagogical innovation, love for nature". In short, the political scientist has assured that he always recovers his role as professor, an "institutionality in favor of the social majorities and the de-tripartizing of the State" on the part of the dominant classes.
"And in the 30s (of the 20th century, during the Second Republic), if we talk about republicanism, we are talking about an alliance with the workers' movement and its organizations." At that time, "the political and union organizations of the working class, which were revolutionary, end up assuming loyalty to the Republic as one of their hallmarks."
That same loyalty has offered Pablo Iglesias to Pedro Sanchez a day before both return to meet, for the fifth time since the elections on April 28, to try to probe an agreement that allows a government to move forward. "We are aware that we have to be loyal, it is normal that they ask that there be no internal opposition in the government, it seems good, but that they raise their demands," said the general secretary of Podemos.
A for a new country pact
The loyalty of the 1930s was repeated, according to Iglesias' exposition, during the Transition. Then, a young Juan Carlos I, "who was elected by a dictator", launched a process of dialogue "that today would surprise", he said. Iglesias recalled that shortly after being crowned king, the monarch traveled to the US, where he told reporters he wanted to be "the king of a republic." "He recognized the superiority of republican values," he concluded.
The bases of that dialogue were that the unions met with the businessmen and with the Government to decide lines of economic policy in the following decades; that a Constitution was drafted that implied a broad consensus "in which the Popular Alliance of Fraga was not"; it was recognized "as a pre-existing institution to the Generalitat de Catalunya, and a" complex institutional reality was articulated, with the Basque jurisdictions and the recognition of different types of territory ", referring to the constitutional expression" regions and nationalities ".
The problem, Iglesias assured, is that the agreement is unrepeatable. The conditions that allowed it are not given. And we must walk towards a new, much less profound, that allows to save the great problems that Spain has: social and territorial. To do so, Pedro Sánchez has only one option: to look for allies on the left and in the only thing left of the European Christian democracy, the PNV.
"Can the right face these two great challenges that Spain has?", Iglesias has stated, to respond immediately: "Hardly." In his opinion, PP, Citizens and Vox "form a bloc of reactionary dyes", as he emphasizes that "a collective always open has made a judgment of what the alliance with the extreme homophobic right means", referring to the incidents caused by the presence of Citizens in the Pride Parade this weekend. "The LGTBI movement points to a reactionary movement that wants to take us to the past," Iglesias said.
This "reactionary bloc" is not a solution because it proposes as a recipe against the "problem of social justice" to apply "more neoliberalism". "They deny the conflict, they do not seek consensus to maintain the level of consumption of the subordinate working classes, they favor precariousness, they do not guarantee pensions and there is no social justice," he assured.
"In the territorial question", finally, "Catalonia does not see it as a State problem, but as an electoral opportunity".
"Integral proposal" for the "fundamental tasks"
"Who could walk in the direction of assuming these tasks of State?", Has been questioned below. "Neither to the right nor a single force," has been answered in reference to the PSOE's intention to govern alone.
Pablo Iglesias has lamented that the socialist candidate and his advisers have turned into a "marketing battle" the investiture of Pedro Sanchez that "is very far from the historical needs of the country." "Politics is not just marketing, battle for the story and cooking of the spin doctor", it is finished.
"We want to convince with the outstretched hand that the best of the democratic tradition can be a tool box to take on the two challenges" that Spain has. "And that is what a progressive, not very progressive, majority has asked for, but that it indicated a mandate in an anti-reactionary key," Iglesias said.
That is where the "integral" proposal made by Unidas Podemos would come in and it "implies a program, government teams and parliamentary stability." If the objective is only to take out the investiture, the votes of the right are valid. But they do not allow to assume fundamental tasks.
That "toolbox" that Iglesias poses to Sánchez "has to do with republican values" and must also serve as a "message for Europe", which is at risk. "The material bases of sustainability of the EU are coming down," concluded the leader of Unidas Podemos.
(tagsToTranslate) Pablo (t) Iglesias (t) Pedro (t) Sanchez (t) Government