The BOE has published this Tuesday the ‘Law of urgent prevention, containment and coordination measures to face the health crisis caused by COVID19’. It is the next step of the so-called ‘decree of the new normality’, which came into force in June, but that was later processed in the form of a law and that was approved on March 18 in the Congress of Deputies. The text includes the mandatory nature of masks for people from the age of six on the street and in outdoor spaces, in line with what the autonomous communities have already approved, while in the previous writing it was not necessary if the distance of 1.5 meters with respect to the rest could be maintained. The reference to distance was removed by amendment during the Senate process.
The measures are applicable throughout Spain until the Government declares the end of the health crisis.
Among the measures contemplated in the text, the obligation is maintained for people, from the age of six, to wear a mask on public roads, in outdoor spaces and in any closed space for public use or that is open to the public. public, whatever the distance from the rest. This implies that it will also have to be used on beaches and swimming pools, an exception that several autonomies contemplated last summer.
The mask is also mandatory in means of transport (air, sea, rail or bus) and in complementary public and private transport of passengers in vehicles with up to nine seats, including the driver, if the occupants of the tourism vehicles do not coexist at the same address. The text states that in the case of passengers on ships and boats, it will not be necessary to wear masks when they are inside their cabin.
The exceptions to the use of masks are preserved in the new wording: individual outdoor sport and people who have some type of disease or respiratory difficulty that may be aggravated by their use or who, due to their situation of disability or dependence, do not have the autonomy to take it off.
On the other hand, cases of force majeure or situation of necessity are included as an exception or when, due to the very nature of the activities, the use of the mask is incompatible, as already stated in the previous legislation.
People who show symptoms compatible with COVID-19 or are in home isolation should not go to their workplace. If a worker begins to have symptoms compatible with the disease, they will immediately contact the telephone number set up for this by the autonomous community or corresponding health center, they will put on a mask and “follow the recommendations indicated, until their situation is assessed by a healthcare professional. “
The owner of the economic activity or the director of the centers and entities must guarantee adequate ventilation and disinfection measures, and have water and soap or hydroalcoholic gels for cleaning the workers’ hands. Likewise, you must adapt working conditions to maintain an interpersonal safety distance of 1.5 meters (or adequate protective equipment, if that is not possible) and organize schedules to avoid overcrowding.
Finally, the owner of the economic activity has to “adopt measures for the progressive reincorporation in person to the jobs and the promotion of the use of telework when it is possible due to the nature of the work activity”.
The measurements it collects are similar. The competent administrations must ensure compliance by the owners of hotels, shops or cultural shows with the regulations for capacity, disinfection, prevention and conditioning that are determined.
They will have to ensure the necessary measures to guarantee a minimum interpersonal distance of 1.5 meters and avoid crowds.
It is added that conditions must be guaranteed so that there are no crowds and that both students and workers can comply with “the indications of distance or limitation of contacts, as well as personal prevention measures.”
In addition, it includes that the competent administrations will ensure the sufficient availability of health professionals with the capacity to reorganize them in accordance with the priorities at all times.
Likewise, it refers to the guarantee of a sufficient number of professionals involved in the prevention and control of the disease, its early diagnosis, attention to cases and epidemiological surveillance.
In relation to manufacturers and holders of marketing authorizations of those medicines considered essential in the management of the health crisis caused by COVID-19, the text states that they must notify the Directorate of the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products ( AEMPS) the ‘stock’ available, the quantity supplied in the last week and the forecast of release and receipt of batches thereof, including the dates and estimated quantities.