The president of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, criticized on Friday the twelve American countries that gave their support to the activation of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR) before the situation in Venezuela, especially against Argentina and the United States.
During an act commemorating the 163 anniversary of the battle of San Jacinto, in which the American filibuster William Walker was defeated, the president warned that invoking that instrument "is to raise the ax of war."
"It is not possible, it is inconceivable, it is a shame that we have governments that, acting against what the same organizations that they are manipulating, such as the OAS and the UN, to which they are committed, start to want to raise the ax of war with the TIAR, "he reproached.
According to Ortega, those twelve countries invoked the TIAR "to make plans for war, death, more pain for the brother people of (Simón) Bolívar, (Hugo) Chavez, against the legitimate government of our brother, President Nicolás Mature".
For the Sandinista leader, the TIAR, which he described as an "instrument of war," can be used to "liberate" the Falkland Islands from the British "occupation," or Guantanamo from the American "occupation."
"The TIAR can be used, as established at the time, to be an instrument of the expansionist policy of the United States" or, in any case, of Europe, he interpreted.
He pointed to the US, and to Canada having "betrayed" the TIAR when Argentina, in 1982, appealed to it against the United Kingdom in the Falklands War.
"How does it occur to the Argentine Government to conspire against Venezuela, from Nicaragua, looking for straw in the foreign eye when it has the huge beam in its own eye?" Said Ortega.
Not only because of the "serious internal problems", he continued, but because he has "occupied" the Falklands.
"He should be asking for the TIAR to meet for the Falklands to return," he urged.
For Ortega, the countries that gave their support to the activation of the TIAR in the face of the situation in Venezuela "lend themselves to being instruments of the US" empire.
"They are exposed to this by acting in that way. They are betraying the principles" set forth in the OAS and the United Nations, he claimed.
The twelve nations that supported the TIAR are Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, USA, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Paraguay, Dominican Republic and Venezuela, the latter represented by the delegates of the Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó, who is recognized by about 50 countries as interim president.
The decision was taken at the OAS, which acts as a witness for the TIAR, also known as the "Rio Treaty" and signed in 1947.
In a document signed by these twelve countries, it was argued that "the crisis in Venezuela has a destabilizing effect, representing a clear threat to peace and security" in the region and, therefore, the principle of mutual defense proclaimed in the TIAR.
Specifically, what those twelve countries decided was to convene a meeting of the foreign ministers of the signatory nations of the TIAR so that, in the second half of this month, on the margins of the UN General Assembly in New York, decide what Measures to be taken regarding Venezuela.
Then, they will have to decide how to pressure Maduro and determine whether they break diplomatic and economic relations, or if they will go further and decree a blockade of naval and air transport.
The most aggressive option included in the treaty is the possibility of "use of the armed force", but for the moment some countries, such as the US, have said that this option is not on the table.
Ortega gave his speech from the hacienda house San Jacinto, which was the scene of the battle in which the American filibuster William Walker was defeated 163 years ago and who proclaimed himself president of Nicaragua in 1856.
The president was accompanied by his wife, Vice President Rosario Murillo; of the head of the National Assembly, the official Gustavo Porras; of the military headquarters headed by its chief, General Julio César Avilés, and the police headquarters directed by his consuegro, Commissioner General Francisco Díaz.
. (tagsToTranslate) Ortega (t) Argentina (t) invoked (t) TIAR (t) Venezuela