The percentage is 1.2 points lower than in 2020. Job insecurity and the cost of housing hamper the objective of becoming independent
Canarian youth find it increasingly difficult to become independent and live outside the family home.
Job insecurity, with low wages, together with the cost of housing hampers the goal of emancipationsomething that only 14.5% of the young population of the islands had achieved at the end of 2021. The previous year the percentage stood at 15.7%.
The archipelago is
the fifth community with the lowest rate of youth emancipationone point above the state average, according to the report prepared by the Emancipation Observatory of the Spanish Youth Council (CJE) and presented this Thursday.
According to the study, the average profile of the emancipated young person is not so young, since they are 29 years old, have a salary 28% higher than the rest, have an indefinite contract and have completed higher education.
The report highlights that in mid-2018, young people in the Canary Islands had a rate of residential emancipation higher than the average for the whole of Spain and has dropped to the fifth autonomous community with the lowest data.
"The conditions of access to the labor market for the population of the islands were not very encouraging in 2021," says the report, with an unemployment rate of 29.7%, compared to 23.6% in Spain, "and the temporary employment was very common, exceeding 60%, after increasing more than twelve points in just one year».
The report also considers "very symptomatic" that one of the job categories that increased the most in 2021 among the young Canarian population was that which corresponded to "elementary occupations",
that groups unskilled jobs.
In its analysis of the archipelago, the observatory study highlights that "it was not very favorable for the possibilities of a young person being able to undertake their vital project that the Canary Islands were
to the second autonomous community with a higher risk of poverty and social exclusion among the population between 16 and 29 years of age and that the average income of free rental housing, the majority tenure regime among young people who managed to emancipate themselves, became more expensive by 5.32% in just one year.
Salaries do not increase
The document, published on the eve of International Youth Day, shows at the state level that "the precarious" recovery of employment
has not been accompanied by an increase in salaries of young workers that manages to reduce "the gap" between the high prices of housing supply and the low disposable income of those who demand it.
If this gap is reduced, the report points out –presented by the president of the CJE, Elena Ruiz Cebrián, and the co-author, the sociologist Joffre López– it would improve the youth emancipation rate, according to Efe.
The report abounds in the fact that 2021 closed with interest rates at "historic lows" and with a decrease in the average rental price by 8.5%, conditions that could predict an improvement in access to housing, despite this, a young Spaniards have to dedicate 3.8 times their annual net salary to afford the entry of a mortgage for the purchase of the average home in the real estate market (170,000 euros). And as for rent, the average cost was 848 euros, while young people can only assume a fee of 320 euros "without falling into over-indebtedness."
Yes, there has been an increase of just over half a point in the emancipation rate of young people between 16 and 29, going from 14.9% in the first half of 2021, the lowest in the century, to 15.6 in the last six months of the same year. It is a proportion practically the same as that at the end of 2020 (15.8%) but "very far" from the 25% reached between 2006 and 2010 and still below those of 2019, before the coronavirus pandemic, when the 18.7% of the youth had managed to emancipate themselves.
The 2021 data shows "a large gender gap," said Ruiz Cebrián, in socioeconomic terms and if residential emancipation is greater among young women (18.5%) than among men (12.7%), how to do it is different: women who emancipated themselves alone accounted for only 13.8%, half that of men who lived in single-person households (26.7%). This lower emancipation alone may be due, according to the report, to the greater job insecurity of women.
Few ninis and many "sisses"
The report also reveals that the inactive young population in the second half of 2021 was 47.6% of the youth, of which 89.7% was due to being studying, the highest figure in the historical series, highlights Efe .
Only 2.4% of inactive youth were, in turn, without studying and "compared to this small percentage of ninis" stands out the "high sisis", those who work and study, who account for 32.5% of young people with a job, six points more than in the last quarter of 2019.
The Spanish Youth Council has insisted on its demands to prioritize youth on the public agenda, launching medium and long-term policies towards this group that "really" change the situation.