One in four cases of sexual violence against women reviewed by the Supreme Court are group assaults

They are not the majority, but up to 26.7% of the cases of sexual violence against adults reviewed by the Supreme Court last year are attacks in which there is no single perpetrator; more than one in four are in a group. The average is 2.4 aggressors for each one. This is reflected in the latest report published by the Observatory against Domestic and Gender Violence of the General Council of the Judiciary, the first of these characteristics, which analyzes the hundreds of sentences handed down by the High Court in 2020.

Parents, grandparents or partners of the mother: half of the cases of sexual abuse of minors are committed by their relatives

Parents, grandparents or partners of the mother: half of the cases of sexual abuse of minors are committed by their relatives

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The report reveals that in seven out of ten (68.1%), the victim was a minor. In these cases, 68% were girls and the rest, boys, while the adult victims are practically all women (97.7%). The report, published coinciding with the International Day Against Sexual Violence and prepared by the forensic doctor Miguel Lorente, analyzes one and another group of victims separately: while in six out of ten cases of adult victims the crime most committed was sexual assault. When they are minors, the predominant crime is sexual abuse, committed in half of the cases.

Most are known offenders

The aggressors are men in both cases, although in the case of sexual violence against children there were 1.5% of aggressors women and 4.7% of cases in which aggressors of both sexes participated. The report also concludes that they are men known to the victim in 65.7% of the rulings handed down with adult victims and in 75% of those referring to boys and girls.

However, there are some differences: in the case of the former, they are mostly friends or people known to women in leisure settings (42.8% of sentences), relatives (20%) or acquaintances through the Internet (5.7%). Despite the fact that the most widespread image of this type of violence involves sexual assault at night, in public space and by a stranger, the reality is that it is not the majority: in one out of three cases, in 34 , 3%, the aggressor was someone the woman did not know.

When the opinions referring to minors are analyzed, the majority of aggressors (37.7%) are relatives or acquaintances and neighbors or coaches and teachers in the educational, leisure and sports fields, a space in which one of each occurs. four assaults. More than half had, in addition, “a biological relationship” with the victim, the study explains; were parents, uncles, grandparents or partners of the mother, as recently revealed by a Save the Children report.

Regarding the effects cited in the sentences, psychological injuries stand out, more frequent than physical ones. These appear in eight out of ten of the rulings related to violence against children, “probably as a consequence,” the study points out, of the long duration of the events, which is something that distinguishes these cases from those committed against adult women. In a third the abuse against minors lasted for several months while up to 10% lasted between five and six years and 12% more than seven.


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