One Canary is empty and another is filled

La Palma, the one that has lost the most population and Fuerteventura, the one that has gained the most percentage. The capital Gran Canaria continues as the most populous city

Louisa del Rosario

In the last decade the population growth of the Canary Islands has slowed down and even so,
the islands have gained 54,600 inhabitants in ten years. But the growth is unequal whether the data is analyzed by islands or if we compare the municipalities on each island.

A) Yes,
According to data from the Canary Islands Institute of Statistics (ISTAC), La Palma and La Gomera are the islands that have lost population2.44% and 2.76% respectively, while Lanzarote and Fuerteventura are the ones that have attracted the most inhabitants in percentage terms in the last ten years, increasing their population by 9.89% and 12.4%.
The phenomenon of the emptied Spain, although on a scale, is also reproduced on the islandsexplains Professor José León García Rodríguez, from the Department of Geography and History at the University of La Laguna (ULL).

If it is compared with the first continuous census offered by the ISTAC, from 1986, with that of 2021, which accounts for the population registered on January 1 of each year,
The Canary Islands have added 566,000 inhabitants in 35 years, that is, 26% more. Between 2006 and 2007, just before the crisis, the islands exceeded two million inhabitants. Today, the 2,176,000 inhabitants registered in January of this year by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), settle mainly on the coasts, losing population in the interior of the islands, and more inhabitants are attracted to the eastern islands and Tenerife.

Tenerife is the island that has gained the most population in the last decade, 29,313 inhabitants, being the most populated with 927,993 residents. Lanzarote has grown in percentage terms more than Tenerife, 9.89%, but has gained 14,057 inhabitants, while Fuerteventura has added 13,206 people in a decade, 12.4%.

Gran Canaria, which is the second most populated islandhas practically remained the same, with 852,688 inhabitants, only 463 more than ten years ago.

La Palma gained inhabitants until 2010In fact, it had a population of 87,163 people. But since then it has been losing population. In the last decade, 2,088 people have left, which represents 2.44%. Before the eruption last September, 83,380 people lived there.
Percentage La Gomera has lost more than La Palma, 2.76% compared to 2.44% of the first, but in absolute numbers between 2012 and 2021 it has lost 616 inhabitants. El Hierro, on the other hand, has increased its population in the last decade. Today it has 11,298 people on its register, 2.40% more than ten years ago.

And where is the population? José León García Rodríguez exposes two patterns. On the one hand, near or in the big cities of the islands and, on the other, the tourist areas. “For a long time there has been an attraction for the population to live in cities, towns, especially those far from large cities, are no longer attractive because they have fewer services and this produces the whiting that bites its tail: fewer services become in less attractive and services are reduced because there is no population. And if there are no services, the jobs that covered them are reduced and since there is no work, the attractiveness is reduced. That is what has happened in the emptied Spain and, in general, in the Canary Islands on a smaller scale because the islands are smaller and everything is closer, but it happens in the inland towns of the two capital islands and much more in La Palma. , La Gomera and El Hierro. And in some municipalities of Fuerteventura and somewhat less in Lanzarote.

effectively
the most populous municipalities They are Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (378,865 inhabitants), Santa Cruz de Tenerife (208,563), La Laguna (158,010), Telde (102,769), Arona (82,563), Santa Lucía de Tirajana (73,573) and Arrecife (56,284). All of them have gained inhabitants in the last decade with the exception of the capital of Gran Canaria, which has lost 0.95% of its population. But, except for Arrecife, which has gained 14.42% of the population in ten years, none of these cities is on the list of the municipalities that have attracted the most population percentage-wise. A list headed by San Miguel de Abona (24.59%), followed by Granadilla, La Oliva, Puerto del Rosario, Puntagorda, the capital of Lanzarote, Antigua, Tuineje and Güímar.

And on the contrary, those who lose the most They are Hermigua, Artenara, Mogán, La Aldea, Tejeda, Santiago del Teide, San Andrés, Los Silos, Tazacorte and Barlovento.

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