The General Budgets of the State of 2019 arrive tomorrow Monday at the Congress of Deputies to begin its process, which will be key in the legislature of Pedro Sanchez, because if they do not prosper, the idea of an electoral advance would gain force.
The Minister of Finance, María Jesús Montero, will deliver the draft Budget Law to the president of the Congress, Ana Pastor, at 10:00 am to subsequently explain accounts that provide for a record tax collection of 227,356 million euros, a 9.5 % above the figure achieved in 2018 according to the settlement progress.
Montero will strive to defend accounts that allocate 57.31% of the total consolidated budget to social spending and in which out of every 100 euros, 42.1 are directed to pensions.
Budgets – as the minister reiterates – "to put people at the center of the action", with measures "that protect the average and low incomes" and with an increase in spending on basic public services that will amount to 20,962 million euros
Also in Education and Health, whose spending will reach 7,014 million euros jointly, without forgetting items such as temporary disability, pregnancy risk, maternity and paternity subsidies that will take a total of 14,393 million.
All this under the commitment to reach a public deficit target of 1.3% of GDP this year.
"We must recover the strength of the middle class, with jobs and decent wages," says Montero in a political speech with winks to Catalonia and with which he tries to get closer to the political parties that supported the motion of censure against Mariano Rajoy.
And, although Unidos Podemos and the PNV are close to supporting these accounts in their vote in the Plenary of the Congress, predictably in mid-March, the Government still has not guaranteed the support of the Catalan separatists.
In ERC, the parliamentary group led by Joan Tardá insists that the Government must move file, make some gesture both from the legal point of view, in front of the Office of the Prosecutor, and with a political proposal that includes pro-independence and non-independence.
The vice-president of the Catalan government and deputy to the presidency of ERC, Pere Aragonès, has already warned that the vote of his training in the processing of the Budgets does not depend only on the investments promised to Catalonia.
An opinion shared by PDeCAT, which also continues to demand recognition of the right to self-determination in order to support these accounts.
The Budgets will go through three important moments during its processing: the debate of amendments to the whole (the week of February 11), the debate of partial amendments in the Committee of Budgets (at the beginning of March) and the final vote of the opinion in the Plenary Session of the Congress (mid or end of March).
In the first battle the Government must guarantee that ERC and PDeCAT do not present amendments to the whole or do not support those registered by PP and Citizens, among other parties.
After this process, the Executive has also to meet the demands of the budget pact signed with Podemos, such as allowing municipalities to limit the prices of rents in certain areas or with a reform of the electricity market.
The second assault will be staged in the Budget Committee, where the Executive will foreseeably negotiate budgetary allocations favoring above all the parties that allowed the success of the censure motion (PNV, ERC, PDeCAT, Compromís and Nueva Canarias).
The third critical moment will be the final vote in the plenary session of the Congress where a general atmosphere is required without tensions and without external elements that could cloud it.
Once passed the procedure of the Congress the Budgets will arrive at the Senate in April, where they will not overcome the debate of vetoes, since the PP has majority and will reject the accounts, with what will be returned to the Congress, that in this case yes it has capacity for lift this veto of the Upper House.