He Nobel Prize Medicine 2020 will be shared among researchers Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton, and Charles M. Rice for the discovery of the hepatitis C virus, reported the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm
The Nobel Prize in Medicine is the first in the round of these prestigious awards, which will be followed by announcements on successive days for those for Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace and finally the one for Economics, next Monday.
The discovery allowed “Now there are highly sensitive blood tests for the virus that have practically eliminated hepatitis by transfusion in many parts of the world and have thus considerably improved global health “, according to the explanation of the Institute.
Alter He was born in New York and practiced for years at Georgetown University, until in 1969 he rejoined the National Institute of Health (NIH).
Houghton, born in the United Kingdom, has practiced in his country and in Canada, while Rice He was born in 1952 in Sacramento (United States) and has been practicing since 2001 at the Rockefeller University Center for Hepatitis C Studies.
The Nobel Prize in Medicine is the first in the round of these prestigious awards, which will be followed by announcements on successive days by those in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace and finally the one in Economics, next Monday.
All awards include a financial envelope, which this year increased to SEK 10 million -one million more compared to 2019- (956,876 euros, 1,121,533 dollars), to be distributed in the case of more than one winner.
All the awards are presented on December 10, the anniversary of the death of the founder, Alfred Nobel, in parallel events in Stockholm, for scientists, literature and economics, while the Peace is held in Oslo.
Both the announcements of the awards and the delivery will be in this edition in a reduced format due to the pandemic of coronavirus.