Nine out of ten coronavirus healthcare providers, 89%, have not required hospitalization, 16, 5% have developed pneumonia, 1.2% have been admitted to intensive care units and 0.1% have died.
These are figures that are extracted from the Report on the situation of COVID-19 in health personnel in Spain, published by the Carlos III Institute of Health, which analyzes the 30,660 cases of coronavirus in health personnel reported through the National Network of Epidemiological Surveillance ( Renave),
The study, which evaluates the demographic, clinical and epidemiological characteristics, as well as the particularities of the cases of health workers according to level of severity, reflects that almost eight out of ten infected health workers, 76%, are women, with an age 46-year-old average.
The most frequent symptoms among health workers who have tested positive for COVID-19 are cough, fever, chills and sore throat, while one in three has presented clinical diarrhea or vomiting, being more frequent in women than in men, as well that dyspnea and sore throat.
However, fever has been more prevalent in men.
Of the total positives, 10.9% have been hospitalized, 16.5% have developed pneumonia, 1.2% have required ICU admission, and 0.1% (35 cases) have died.
In this sense, the document indicates that the data on deaths must be interpreted with "caution" since cases without viable information have been considered as not deceased and must be confirmed in subsequent analyzes.
The study reflects that men have a higher prevalence of pneumonia than women, also more underlying diseases and a higher percentage of hospitalization, ICU admission and mechanical ventilation.
The prevalence of underlying disease is 30% in non-hospitalized cases, 50% in hospitalized cases, 66% in cases admitted to the ICU and 82% in the deceased.
"Ultimately, men, older patients with underlying diseases and risk factors are more represented as severity increases," the study indicates.
65% of positives have contact with people with respiratory infection as an epidemiological risk antecedent and 70%, close contact with cases of probable or confirmed COVID-19.