The candidate for the presidency of the Community of Madrid has defended this Tuesday in her intervention before the Assembly his vision about feminism associating it with the "confrontation" and omitting the denomination of the term gender violence. Although he has named machismo, he has included "the equality of women" as one of the challenges of the PP and has indicated that there is still "much to do", he has also pointed out that "without demagogy." "The problems of women in Spain today are practically the same as those of men: employment, future, mobility, loneliness, family, security …", he continued.
Several figures show, however, that women are going through gender issues and face specific problems because they are:
Most affected by unemployment
Although workers affiliated with Social Security have exceeded for the first time the figure of 9 million workers and the gender gap narrows gradually (they are still 46.5% of the total), the truth is that they continue to suffer more unemployment. The unemployment rate is still higher among women (six out of ten unemployed people are) and represent 64% of the long-term unemployed, that is, those who have been without work for more than a year.
More partial and temporary work
As for the characteristics of the employment they develop, part-time work remains their business. Of the total 2,830,700 workers with this reduced workday in 2018, according to the EPA's annual data, 74.5% were women. They are also affected to a greater extent by temporary contracts: If the general temporary employment rate in 2018 (EPA annual data) was 26.8%, that of women rose to 27.7% and that of men fell to 26%.
They charge 20% less
The difference between the remuneration that men and women receive was in 2017, according to the EPA, at 20.2%, slightly higher than that registered in 2016 based on the average gross salary. The wage gap is transversal and affects women regardless of their training, their occupation or their type of contract. Talking about different remuneration implies citing a key element: feminized sectors, those traditionally associated with them, are less paid.
A 35% pension gap
Although in 2018 the difference in the average pension received by men and women narrowed more than in the previous six, the gap remains very high. They charge 35% less pension than them. According to the data for February of this year, 781.63 euros a month on average for women and 1,202.52 men.
Motherhood affects the professional career
The sons and daughters have different consequences from the point of view of employment for men and women. According to data from the 2017 EPA, the offspring cause an increase in their participation in employment in men and in the case of women, it falls or stops. According to a study conducted by researchers at Pompeu Fabra University and published by the Social Observatory of 'La Caixa', women with children are half as likely as men to be called for a job interview.
Twice the dedication to care
The burden of care continues to fall primarily on women. In Spain, they dedicate twice as many hours as men to these types of fundamental tasks: 4.3 hours a day compared to 2.1 hours for men. According to the International Labor Organization, care work "remains largely invisible and unrecognized, and is not taken into account in decision-making," he said in a report in which it figures at 10.3% of Spanish GDP. what this unpaid care work done by women represents.
Women's difficulties in accessing positions of responsibility remain a reality. In 2017, only 21% of the directors of large or medium-sized companies were women and 31.9% of the small ones. The glass ceiling exists in all areas: the presence of women on the Boards of Directors of IBEX 35 companies is 23.29% and more than half of the municipalities in Spain have never been governed by women.
1,013 women killed by sexist violence
Last June, statistics from the Government Delegation for Gender Violence reached 1,000 women killed by their partners or ex-partners since 2003, when they began to be counted. The figures now reach 1013, the last ten only so far this summer, when two more men have murdered their own children. Although Díaz Ayuso did not want to name gender violence explicitly, more than half (51.9%) of the women who are murdered in Spain are for this cause. In 2018 alone, 166,000 complaints of gender violence were filed and the Spanish courts handed down 50,300 sentences, according to data from the General Council of the Judiciary.
More than one complaint for sexual violence at the time
Sexual violence is also present and conditions the lives of women. According to the Ministry of Interior, they have grown 60% in the last six years. In 2018, 28 complaints were filed for sexual abuse and assault per day, more than one every hour. Breaking down by the gender of victims and investigated (2017 data), it stands out that 88% of victims of sexual crimes in Spain are women and 98.4% of people arrested and investigated are men.
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