"My father was killed in a concentration camp where there is the Cross of the Fallen" | Culture

"My father was killed in a concentration camp where there is the Cross of the Fallen" | Culture



Eulalia's father was called Magdaleno and they killed him "in a concentration camp where he is the Cross of the Fallen" "He endured very little time. My father was a socialist and he was nobody, because then we were not anywhere, because then there was nothing ". Eulalia tells the anthropologist of the UNED, Jorge Moreno. The history of Eulalia is terrible. Not only for the death of his father. His account of repression and hunger in post-war Spain is discouraging. And Moreno takes note and appears published in the book To let you know a thousand new things. Ciudad Real 1939, the oral history of the reprisals by the Franco regime in Castilla-La Mancha, totaling some 4,000 people, according to Moreno. The work is part of the project Maps of Memory, a pioneering initiative that has investigated for more than 10 years in archives, civil registers, prison documents and, of course, with survivors.

In the complaint, of February 4, 1940, Magaleno is accused of being an "individual of leftist ideas without being able to specify, party, and that during the red domination, made guards, with shotgun". Who speaks is Gregorio Sánchez Espinosa, who points to Magdaleno as a thief of 50 sheep. Eulalia's father defended himself and refused to belong to any political party, to have propagated the "Red Cause", nor to participate in arrests, robberies and looting "against people of order and against their property".

The sentence is one week later: "The events described do not deserve the legal qualification of the crime", but the judge states that "it is evident" "the danger of the accused" and therefore condemns him, "as a measure of correction", which enter "in a battalion of work and for an undetermined time". And so he arrives at the concentration camp of the Valley of the Fallen of which he speaks and to which his daughter refers.

The life of Eulalia Mendoza and her family is included among the hundred biographies rescued from oblivion, so that the testimonies of those who were killed "without cause and with no defense" disappear. It has been a rescue work of the "dignity" of the memory that these families have preserved during this time.

After the war is when it came to the bad. My mother was looking to have but it was impossible

Eulalia learned to read on cardboard. His grandfather was intertwined without a lid, in a "blanket", in a box where the cattle eat. His mother tried to sell a car to get the money with which to pay the fine of his father, but the same one who reported him, Gregorio, the rich and the mayor of the town, in El Torno, said he did not buy it and not he took it off. And they took him to the Valley of the Fallen. "Come on … he's the mayor. It is not like today that you vote. Then there were no votes. And they spent many years sending them alone, because some of them were passing it on to others, "he recalls.

"My father was not good, because my father was always sick. And there he died. It got bad. Without eating, because there the food was too little, "he tells Moreno, who transcribes it. His mother could not do anything to save him and the worst was yet to come: "When the war we did not go hungry. Come on, we've been poor all our lives, but we were not bad. In El Torno nobody went hungry because although we had little. After the war is when it came to the bad. My mother was looking to have but it was impossible … ", says Eulalia.

In the denunciation, of February 4, 1940, Magaleno is accused of being an "individual of leftist ideas without being able to specify, party

He does not know where his father is buried. "In a cemetery in Madrid, but we never went to see him. We could not". They had no money "pa ná, pa ná, pa ná". So do not even think about going to Madrid.

In the presentation, the guest firm of Ian Gibson warns about the danger of forgetting, because "only by knowing, confronting and assuming the truth of the genocide and calling it by its name, will it be possible for Spain to become the educated, peaceful and reconciled nation , which is your obligation. " The authors explain that all the documents and testimonies they found seemed "lethargic" in boxes, "as if after so many years after the end of the dictatorship they were afraid, more than modesty, to go out and make themselves public".

They are living testimonies, full of emotion of "the truth of the vanquished", "that awaited us to let us know a thousand new things about the postwar period". Alive as the ink run by the tears of the senders on the last day of life, written by Tomás Gómez Pimpollo, from La Solana, and Jesús García Amador (from Albaladejo). And among all of them, that of Jesús Cruz Ordóñez (from Argamasilla), who wrote to his family with a pin and blood.

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