Almost two million complaints and more than 500,000 convictions for abuse in three decades. It is part of the judicial balance of the application of the comprehensive law against sexist violence published this Tuesday by the General Council of the Judicial Power (CGPJ). The 48-page document analyzes the activity of the judicial bodies created as a result of this regulation and gives a judicial perspective on the implementation of this law, approved at the end of 2004 and launched in June 2005. .
Complaints of sexist violence go back after the crash during home confinement
In its fifteen years of application, the courts for violence against women, criminal courts and provincial courts have handed down a total of 704,749 sentences for mistreatment, with an average percentage of convictions of 72.7%. That is, practically three out of every four procedures ended in conviction with a total of 512,353 resolutions in this regard. Of these, 232,536 were handed down in the courts for violence against women, which prosecute minor crimes; and 218,523 in the criminal courts.
Since 2007, the first year for which this data is available, the courts for violence against women received 1,896,328 complaints. Leaving aside 2020, highly conditioned by the coronavirus pandemic and the declaration of a state of alarm, the lowest number of complaints filed took place in 2013, with 124,894. As of that year, they increased progressively until 168,057 in 2019.
By autonomous communities, the highest number of complaints in the entire period analyzed occurred in Andalusia, with 398,010; followed by Madrid, with 294,762; Catalunya, with 262,373; and the Valencian Community, with 260,011. In addition, statistics show that the number of complaints per 10,000 women increases in judicial districts with the largest population, which, according to the report, “reveals greater difficulties in reporting in small populations.
The document shows a downward trend in the number of complaints filed directly by the victim or their relatives before the court, which experienced a downward decline from 2014 to 2.9% in 2019. The highest percentage took place in 2007, when the complaints filed by the victim herself or her immediate surroundings reached 11.6%. In any case, most of the complaints that are received in the courts arrive through police reports. This happened in 80.3% of the cases in the period analyzed.
The report also indicates that the phenomenon of gender-based violence is “more serious” among foreign women, with an average rate of 223.1 victims per 10,000 women. Among Spanish women, this indicator drops to 48.6. Foreign women are also more prone to not testify as a witness against the accused as aggressorTaking into account the number of dispensations for every 10,000 women of legal age, in foreign women the rate is 29.7, which is almost six times that of Spanish women (5.4).
375,892 protection orders
The number of protection orders granted since 2005 has been 375,892, 67.3% of the total requested. From that year to 2014, the percentage of those agreed upon with respect to those requested decreased until reaching a minimum of 56.6%. As of 2014, they have progressively increased again until today. The year in which the most protection orders were issued (41,420) was 2008, followed by 2019, with 40,720.
The adoption of protection orders is very uneven in the different territories, with the average for the period ranging from 51% in Catalonia or 55.5% in Madrid to 81.6% in Murcia, 82% in the Valencian Community , 82.4% from Aragon or 84.9% from La Rioja.
In addition, the criminal measures that have been most adopted within the framework of the protection order have been withdrawal and prohibition of communication. In general, the measures have been adopted, in more than 90% of the cases, at the request of the victim, with the exception of the deprivation of liberty, which has been agreed at the request of the victim in 63.9% of the cases. cases and at the request of the prosecutor in 33.4%. Regarding measures of a civil nature, the most frequent have been the allocation of housing and the provision of food, granted in 94% of cases at the request of the victim.